This study focused on women aged 65 and older but demonstrates the mammogram’s validity and reliability as a screening tool for breast cancer detection (Henderson, O'Meara, Braithwaite, & Onega, 2014).Recommendations for Mammogram Use and FrequencyCurrent recommendations are for women age 40 to begin annual screening with mammograms for early detection of cancer or earlier if indicated by breast exam findings or family history (Sullivan, 2012). One in eight women in America will develop breast cancer, so the chances a provider will care for a patient receiving this diagnosis is high (Larson, Cowher, O’Rourke, Patel, & Pratt, 2016). Recommendations for the provider prior to ordering testing are to assess if the test has previously been completed, if the results will help the patient, and if the patient meets criteria for screening (Laine, 2012). In addition to yearly screening mammograms, clinical breast exams are recommended yearly as they can detect abnormalities close to the chest wall that mammograms have difficulty discovering (Larson, Cowher, O’Rourke, Patel, & Pratt, 2016).The importance of screening to detect breast cancer early has been shown to increase life span of women. Responsibility is on the provider to ensure proper screening has been ordered. For patients without insurance, community programs exist to provide low cost or free screening mammograms. Following guidelines for screening adult women for breast cancer should be a ensured in each visit in order to prevent or detect cancer in early stages to improve patient quality of life.References
Berlin, L. (2012). The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram. JAMA, The Journal Of The American Medical Association, (23), 2521.
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- Summer '15
- Oncology, Prostate cancer