Clear sophisticated and easy to read 4 5 pts Paper is slightly short and

Clear sophisticated and easy to read 4 5 pts paper is

This preview shows page 3 - 13 out of 39 pages.

Clear, sophisticated, and easy to read. (4-5 pts) Paper is slightly short and generally clear, but is weighed down by filler and/or diction meant to take up space. Some technical errors. (2-3 pts) Paper is of inadequate length and poorly written. Simplistic or difficult to read. Multiple technical errors. (0-1 pts) /50 TOTAL (-4 pts *days late) Thoroughly researched, a well-supported thesis, clearly written Some evidence of thoughtful research, but poorly developed and/or not very well-written Poorly researched, lacking sufficient evidence or analysis, difficult to read
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Challenge for the transition to low carbon ene rgy systems in China
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Wind Power Development: Global Trend 34.10% 17.05% 10.37% 5.53% 3.00% 29.95% Cumulative Capacity 2015 China US Germany India UK Others 52.22% 13.49% 7.78% 3.65% 1.90% 20.95% Added Capacity in 2015
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Wind Power in China: Future Goal Carbon abatement 20% non-fossil sources in total energy 2030 (INDC) 60-65% reduction in Carbon intensity relative to 2005 Air Quality Improvement Strengthened control on primary PM, SO 2 , No x in power sector Renewable Energy Law Feed-in Tariff Dispatch Priority 2015 2020 2030 100 GW in 2015 at 12 th Five Year Plan 200 GW installed Capacity by 2020 ? 400 GW by 2030 from Energy Research Institute Targets
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Geographical Distribution Xinjiang (20GW) Gansu (20GW) West Inner Mongolia (38GW) East Inner Mongolia (20GW) Jilin (15GW) Hebei (16GW) Jiangsu (10GW) Heilongjiang (15GW) North China; 39.00% Northeast; 31.00% Northwest; 20.00% East China; 8.00% Central China; 2.00% Shandong (10GW) 12 th Five Year Plan
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Geographical Distribution Current and future installed wind capacity (diameter) and peak power demand (height of circle center) of major provinces in China Peak Power Demand or Installed Wind Capacity (GW)
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Curtailment: A Major Barrier for Wind Power Development in C hina Curtailed wind power accounted for 16% of total wind generation in 2011 $ 1.6 billion loss National Energy Bureau has suspended further development of wind resources at onshore bases in 2016 where curtailment is larger than 20%
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Challenge I: Imbalanced Geographical Distribution Wind: North to East Wind: North to East Hydro: West to East Hydro: West to East Hydro sources Coal mining bases Wind bases Load centers
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Max daily wind production ratio of total consumption According to State Grid, wind power penetration in some wind regions is approaching the highest levels in the world, comparable with Denmark and Spain. The maximum daily wind production reached 94%, 31%, 33% and 32% of the corresponding daily consumption in Eastern Inner Mongolia (E.IM), Western Inner Mongolia (W.IM), Gansu, and Jilin respectively. Significantly High Local Wind Penetration Level
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Thermal power dominates in “3-north” region: Flexible sources, such as hydropower, pumped storage, gas turbines, oil generators, are insufficient, leading to inadequate load-following and reserve provision. Challenge II: Inflexible Generation Mix China data end of 2013, other countries 2014.
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