Men with prostate cancer can have a negative or borderline PSA level A negative

Men with prostate cancer can have a negative or

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Men with prostate cancer can have a negative or borderline PSA level. A negative PSA and a negative digital rectal examination (DRE) make the presence of cancer unlikely (Ball, et al., 2015). Also, transurethral ultrasonography(TRUS) may be used when the PSA is borderline, and the DRE is normal. TRUS may be able to indicate an area of the prostate that requires biopsy. It can also be used to determine prostate volume, which can be used in the calculation of PSA density (Ball, et al., 2015).
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References Ahmad, S., Ghafar, A., & Khan, G. (2017). Free/total prostate specific antigen ratio as predictor for prostate carcinoma. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences , 15 (1), 30-33. Retrieved form Walden University Library databases. Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2015). Seidel's guide to physical examination (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby. National Cancer Institute. (2017). Prostate-specific antigen test (PSA). Retrieved from Response to Margaret Stevenson Response #2  I enjoyed reading your post Margaret! Body-mass index (BMI) is a person’s weight in 
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  • Summer '15
  • Prostate¬†cancer, prostate carcinoma

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