Moreover though current tests have been shown to be susceptible to cheating the

Moreover though current tests have been shown to be

This preview shows page 18 - 20 out of 34 pages.

Moreover, though current tests have been shown to be susceptible to cheating, the solution of returning to measures and procedures that were demonstrably even more easily manipulated is unthinkable.
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A/2 Meritocracy (HWL) The test is not the problem – the racial stereotypes that are present throughout society extend beyond just the SAT. Rattani 16 . [Rattani, Sarwat Amin, University of Karachi · Department of Psychology. “SAT: Does Racial Bias Exist?” Rattani, S.A. (2016) SAT: Does Racial Bias Exist? Creative Education, 7, 2151-2162.] EC Another theory that emerged during the constant debate about the fairness of the SAT test was “Stereotype threat” by Steele and Aronson (1995). Stereotype threat “is a situational predicament in which people are or feel themselves to be at risk of conforming to stereotypes about their social group”. Researchers found that when stereotype threat is induced in a condition through subtlest form by labeling the test as a measure intelligence rather than just a challenge, Black participants’ scores were negatively affected, controlling for SAT scores. The mere presence of stereotype depressed the Black participants’ scores . Thus, their study found considerable interaction between race and condition they placed their participant in, even when SAT scores were controlled for. As the concept of “Stereotype threat” strongly established, the argument that emerged was that the difference in SAT average score on National level continued to exist due to the presence of stereotypes in the social environment and was not due to the presence of bias in the test itself . This is one of the views the defenders of SAT test take when arguing out that actual racial discrimination in test does not exist. The admissions process to college will always be unfair – colleges have a financial incentive to take in wealthier students. Meltzer ’18 . [Erica L. Meltzer is an author and graduated from Brookline High School and earned her B.A., magna cum laude, from Wellesley College., 6-22-2018, "Eliminating standardized testing won't make college admissions fair," Critical Reader, ] EC Colleges also have their financial bottom line to consider : the reality is that all but the very wealthiest institutions are “need-aware,” giving an outright advantage to full-pay students as the number of places in the freshman class decreases . And let’s face it: almost no private college can afford to accept a class in which 90% of students require a full scholarship to attend. 15% is one thing; three-quarters or more is something very different. In addition, the corollary to application inflation (which would undoubtedly increase yet further if scores were no longer requirement) is enrollment instability, and schools need to take steps to protect their yield.
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  • Summer '20
  • The American, Standardized test, Education in the United States, Norm-referenced test, Educational Testing Service

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