100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 18 pages.
Professional autonomy The ideal that individual professionals achieve themselves moral conclusions by reasoning clearly and carefully. But: not every culture values autonomy on the same level (e.g. Japan). Verspreiden niet toegestaan | Gedownload door M Alam ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|866183
Ethical Principles for Engineers in a Global Environment 1.Public Safety 2.Human Rights 3.Environment and Animal Preservation 4.Engineering Competence 5.Scientifically Founded Judgment 6.Openness and Honesty Operating in developing countries (Charles Harris) 1.Refuse to engage in direct, intentional harm. 2.Do not participate in something producing more harm than good. 3.Participate only in technology that promotes the country’s development.4.Do not participate in the violation of human rights. 5.Respect the culture in their professional work. HOOFDSTUK 5- The Ethical Cycle Formulation of the moral problem, the formulation of possible ‘solutions’ and the ethical judging of these solutions go hand in hand. Systematic approach: the ethical cycle. Does justice to the complex nature of moral problems and judgment. 5.2 Ill-structured Problems Ill-structured problem: A problem that has no definitive formulation of the problem, may embody inconsistent problem formulations, and can only be defined during the process of solving the problem. May have several alternative solutions, which are not easily compared with each other. Peculiarities moral problems: - in identifying a moral problem one needs a conception of what morality and ethics are. –Different ethical theories are not only relevant in identifying and formulating moral problems but also judging them. Diversity of theories (so diversity of opinions of people) Ethical Cycle Ethical cycle: A tool in structuring and improving moral decisions by making a systematic and thorough analysis of the moral problem, which helps to come to a moral judgment and to justify the final decision in moral terms. Avoids ‘shortcuts’. Stating an opinion with justification. The etische cyclus bevat aan aantal stappen, maar het oplossen van een moreel probleem is geen lineair proces. Steps in figure 5.2!Moral problem statement Moral problem Problem in which two or more positive moral values or norms cannot be fully realized at the same time Moral dilemmas A moral problem with the crucial feature that the agent has only two (or a limited number of) options for action and that whatever he chooses he will commit a moral wrong. Moral problem should be stated as clear and precisely as possible. By formulating moral question. Good moral question: 1. it must clearly state what the problem is 2. it must state who has to act Verspreiden niet toegestaan | Gedownload door M Alam ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|866183
3. the moral nature of the problem needs to be articulated Problem analysis Relevant elements of the moral problem are described. 3 important elements: Stakeholdersand their interests The moral values that are relevant in the situation The relevant facts