Development of Socialising Techniques: •Social learning àtherapeutic factor that operates in all therapy groups, •Nature of skills taught and explicitness of process vary greatly depending on type of group. •May be explicit emphasis on development of social skills is adolescent groups: oGroup members may be asked to role play approaching prospective employer or asking someone out on a date. oMore direct way of social learning. •Dynamic therapy groups: oSocial learning is more indirect. oMembers which have ground rules encouraging open feedback àmay obtain considerable information about maladaptive social behaviour. •For individuals lacking intimate relationships àgroup of represents first opportunity for accurate interpersonal feedback. •Group therapy provides rich opportunity for members to learn how they contribute to won isolation and loneliness. •Frequently senor members of therapy group acquire highly sophisticated social skills. •These skills serve these clients well in future social interactions and they constitute cornerstones of emotional intelligence. •Recognition and consciousness (although not everything) can often be instrumental in the initial phases of therapeutic change •The clients understand that there is a huge discrepancy between their intent and their actual impact on others •Allows clients to be responsive to other’s feelings. Imitative behaviour: •In time àindividuals in group sit, walk, talk and even think like the therapist. •Group therapists influence communicational patterns in group by modelling certain behaviours, self-disclosure and support. •In groups imitative process is more diffuse àclients may model themselves on aspects of others in group as well as the therapist. •Group members learn from watching one another tackle problems.
7 •Particularly potent in homogenous groups that focus on shared problems àexample, cognitive-behaviour group. •Bandura àexperimentally demonstrated that imitation is effective therapeutic force. •Not uncommon for member to benefit by observing the therapy of another member with similar problems àvicarious or spectator therapy. •Imitative behaviour more important role in therapy in the early stages of the group àas members identify with more senior members or therapists. •Even if imitative behaviour is short-lived it may help to unfreeze the individual enough to experiment with new behaviour which can start an adaptive spiral. •Adaptive spiral: oProcess in which one change in a client àchanges in his or her interpersonal environment àfurther personal change. oSmall changes cause positive response from other and therefore person makes greater changes. oClient observes behaviour of others within group àtries this behaviour out for themselves within the therapy environment.