C major depres sion B specific phobia D borderline per sonality disorder ANS C

C major depres sion b specific phobia d borderline

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C. major depres- sion. B. specific phobia. D. borderline per- sonality disorder. ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: 14.2 Depressive Disorders Have Biological, Situational, and Cognitive Components OBJ: 14.2D NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology MSC: Remembering 74. Tara has had many negative experiences over which she had little control. For example, her parents were divorced, her brother became a drug user, and her husband of 10 years left her for another woman. At this point, Tara has given up trying to make her life better because she believes she can do noth- ing to improve her circumstances. Tara’s attitude may lead her to develop: A. panic disorder. C. generalized anxi-
ety disorder. B. major depres- sion. D. borderline per- sonality disorder. ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: 14.2 Depressive Disorders Have Biological, Situational, and Cognitive Components OBJ: 14.2D NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Understanding 75. Depressed individuals tend to attribute negative outcomes to ________ and positive outcomes to ________. A. others’ abilities; their own abilities B. personal shortcomings; luck C. bad luck; chance D. the difficulty of the task; good karma ANS: B DIF: Moderate REF: 14.2 Depressive Disorders Have Biological, Situational, and Cognitive Components OBJ: 14.2D NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Remembering 76. Sariah, a high school student, just received a grade of B on a paper. She is very ashamed that she did not perform according to her high standards. She tells herself, “Sariah, you are a really bad student—you need to study harder. This is simply unacceptable!” She believes that she may not get into college because she is a lazy and unmotivated person and that her future is doomed. Given what we know about the role of ________ in psychological disorders, Sariah is highly likely to develop ________. A. cognitive processes; obsessive-com- pulsive disorder B. learned helplessness; generalized anxiety disorder C. cognitive processes; major depres- sion D. learned helplessness; schizophrenia ANS: C DIF: Difficult REF: 14.2 Depressive Disorders Have Biological, Situational, and Cognitive Components OBJ: 14.2D NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In-
quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Applying 77. Insomnia can be a symptom of: A. depression. C. either depression or mania. B. mania. D. neither depres- sion nor mania. ANS: C DIF: Moderate REF: 14.2 Bipolar Disorders Involve Depression and Mania OBJ: 14.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology MSC: Understanding 78. Which of the following is a well-established difference between major depres- sion and bipolar disorder? A. Depression is more common than bipolar disorder in the general popu- lation. B. Depression is more common in men, whereas bipolar disorder is more common in women.

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