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DSST World Religion Notes

Uses the hebrew language does not deviate from the

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uses the Hebrew language, does not deviate from the biblical and Talmudic Judaism (or very little) Orthodox Judaism – cannot have women Rabbis Reform Judaism – is popular in United States and Europe, most modern and liberal branch of Judaism. Not as strict, does not enforce the kosher food laws and Talmudic restrictions, does not accept the Talmud as authoritative, view it as simply a historical document, largest in United States today Conservative Judaism – lies between the strictness Orthodox Judaism and the Reform Judaism excess Rabbi Zecharias Frankel – founder of Conservative Judaism Mordecai Kaplan – founder of Reconstructionist Judaism , book “Judaism as a Civilization” saw Judaism not as a religion but a civilization, characterized by beliefs and practices, language, culture, literature, ethics, are, history, social organization, symbols and customs. Sephardic Jew – follows customs and traditions of Jews who lived in the Liberian Peninsula before their expulsion in the 15 century Cypto-Jews – , secret adherence to Judaism while publicly professing another faith, generally Catholicism - publicly professed Roman Catholicism after the Alhambra decree of 1492 and during the Spanish Inquisition Isaels Jews – describe themselves as Secular meaning “non religious” Karaites - sect within Judaism which denies the authority of the Talmud and desires to live exclusively by the five books of the Torah, has many sub sects because it stresses individual interpretation Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New Year – begins a period of penitence that culminates with the next Jewish holiday Yom Kippur – Day of Atonement – holiest of all Jewish holidays, abstain from work, food and drink, Jewish people spend the day at the synagogue praying Hanukkah – Festival of Lights, celebrated for eight days in December- also known as the Feast of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple by Judas Maccabeus in 165 BC Bar Mitzvah – when a boy technically becomes a man on his 13 birthday, recongnized by a festive ceremony Bat Mitzvah – for Reform Judiasm – similar ceremony for girls Rites of Judaism That the Kabbalah is a mystical school of Judaism Hannukah? Festival of Lights Yom Kippar? Day of Atonement What is the five books of the Hebrew Bible called? Pentateuch - Law, or Law of Moses How long did the Jews wander in the desert? 40 years Zealots? Armed rebellion against Rome Who enslaved the Jews in Egypt? Pharoh
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Boy turns 13? Bar Mitzvah First sect to brace Zionism? Orthodox YHVH? Adonai means Lord (Master) Book read during the Shabbat/ Passover? Genesis 2:1-3 / Haggadah Mishnah and Germara? Talmud’s two parts What did god promise Abraham? Father of many nations Make sure you know some Jewish terms for God? Elohim, El Shaddai, Elyon, El, Avinu Josiah and the Jewish law Kabbala Movement - deals with elements of the occult and other esoteric subjects not covered in the mainstream Jewish canon.
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