Lecture 8 - The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier

Kings claimed that they are from peloponnese the

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kings claimed that they are from Peloponnese The Regent took throne around 360 BCE third son of his father Philip took power away from his nephew and got successful in the Macedonian kingdom marriages and alliances practiced poligamy married tribes and chiefdoms to establish a large scale kingdom The Macedonian Army Sarissa long spear of Macedonian phalanx 18 foot long spear not successful / immobile with the spear companion cavalry made up of royals and elites and kings and family hammer and anvil professional army 35,000 people had a king enabled them had a lot of money, resources, and territories Conquest of Greece (338 BCE) Battle of Chaeronea (338 BCE) wins the battle "end of the city-state era" <- he thinks this is incorrect fall under the Macedonian control except for Sparta Philip won the battle League of Corinth Philip established himself as head of the league established campaign against the Spartans assassination of Philip
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killed by one of his body guards -> personal grudge? Alexander III, "The Great" (356-323 BCE) son of Olympias and Philip II mother -> queen of empress of western Greece parents did not get along sided with his mother Alexander's ambition part of his personality competed with his father for glory and honor gets this ambition from his education tutored by Aristotle Aristotle and Alexander's elite education pambasileus theoretical individual whose virtue or excellence is so superior to others that it justifies kingship rather than democracy or oligarchy part of the reason of his drive for conquest spend time in Athens under Plato and Socrates Alexander's Campaign, 334-323 BCE smaller, professional army vs. conscript army conscript army -> Persian king must communicate with the Battles of the Granicus River, Issus, Arbela (Gaugamela) Alexander fought against local Persian cross over Anatolia fights at Issus wins an impressive victory doesn't change Darius back doesn't have that much support back at the Greek city world declares Pharaoh in Egypt battle in Gaugamela -> defeats Darius III with massive army fought with elephants Persian king escapes to the east moves south to Babylon catches up to the escaped king king killed by his own supporters -> Bactria death of Darius III the Bactrian/Sogdian campaign the mutiny at the Hypahsis River after 11 years of campaign Alexander as Persian King?
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  • Spring '08
  • digeser
  • World History, Alexander, Persian King, Alexander III

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