Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

340 chapter 13 violence prevention healthglencoecom

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340 Chapter 13 Violence Prevention health.glencoe.com HS_HEALTH_U04_C13_L2 12/6/03 9:45 AM Page 340
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VOCABULARY assailant prejudice assault random violence homicide sexual violence sexual assault rape Protecting Yourself from Violence YOU’LL LEARN TO Identify the causes and effects of violence. Evaluate how messages from the media influence violent behavior. Explain the role that alcohol and other drugs play in violent behaviors. Examine different types of violence and analyze and apply strategies for avoiding violence. Analyze and apply strategies for avoiding gangs and weapons. Analyze strategies for preventing deliberate injuries. he nature of violence is complex. For years, psychologists T have investigated why people commit violent acts but have not yet reached a conclusion. Regardless of the nature of violence, your personal safety depends on your ability to recognize possible sources of violence in your environment. This will help you choose behaviors that minimize your chances of being a victim. Why Violence Occurs iolence may occur for many reasons. Some people use violence V as a means of dealing with conflicts. In such cases, the victim may know his or her a person who commits a violent act against another. Violence may also result from anger or frustration. People can be injured or killed during violent criminal acts. assailant Going out in groups and being aware of your surroundings are two ways of reducing your risk of violence. What are some other strategies you can use to avoid unsafe situations? List three television shows or movies you have seen that showed some form of violence. What health messages do these media send to teens about violence? 341 Lesson 3 Protecting Yourself from Violence
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Other common causes of violence and deliberate injury include the following: Need to control others. Some people use violence to control others or to get something they want. Way of expressing anger. People who are unable to manage their anger may strike out against others in a violent way. Prejudice. Some acts of violence are crimes of hate that stem from an unfair opinion or judgment of a particular group of people. Retaliation. People sometimes use violence to retaliate against—or get back at—individuals or groups who have hurt them in some way. Influences on Violence n addition to motives for violent behavior, several factors may I also contribute to violence. These include weapons availability, media messages, substance abuse, and mental/emotional health issues such as a negative self-concept. Weapons Availability Most homicides that occur among 15- to 19-year-olds involve firearms. A recent survey sponsored by the CDC found that almost one-fifth of responding high-school students reported carrying a weapon in the month proceeding the survey. Most of these weapons are conventional weapons such as handguns, knives, and clubs. However, newer, more dangerous weapons, including assault rifles, are finding their way into teens’ hands—especially teens with gang affiliations.
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