More international cooperation or not are we in an

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More international cooperation or not? Are we in an era of peace and prosperity or is there going to be an era of conflict? We have drones, terrorist groups; can old theories help this and how is national security? Next time: Analytical Framework Actors/Interests/Interactions/Institutions Collective Active Problems Prisoner’s Dilemma 9/30: To analyze world politics: use systematic thinking
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question other assumptions focus on: actors interests interactions institutions Actors: use the term for states (= countries) groups within states bureaucracies international organizations (IOs) multinational corporations, terrorist organizations, activist networks, and other nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) individuals Ask: Who are relevant actors? Also, what is the appropriate level of analysis? depending on how you analyze something and the framework, there’s different solutions China as an actor has no interest in decreasing pollution, or better to say that actors are factories; who the relevant actors are is the first question to ask What actors hope to achieve: security economic well-being promotion of an ideology Who are actors, and what are their interests? Are states always the most important actors in international politics? Is security the most important interest? different answers to the different questions will have you solve the question in different ways Interactions: two assumptions about actors: rational: only means that that actor has an interest and does things that he or she believe will fulfill that interest (goal and work towards that goal) strategic: What makes cooperation so difficult? Cooperation is positive, gain for somebody and other actors either gain or don’t lose
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You have to put in time and effort, but regardless not something that happens automatically i.e. states could benefit on stuff if they just cooperate, but weirdly cooperation doesn’t usually happen Collective Action Problem: Mancur Olson (1965) Logic of Collective Action Public Goods: nonexcludable: once it exists, no person can prevent another person from having it nonrival in consumption: my enjoyment of the public good in no way affects anyone else’s enjoyment i.e. clean air, getting rid of disease What’s the problem? hard to maintain because of freewriting (why put in the time and energy if once we get them, everyone will get them) i.e. why join military if other people will do it and i’ll still have national security core of collective active problem How do you solve the collective action problem? small number of actors Prisoner’s Dilemma Game Most well known of many in game theory A and B get caught and are questioned separately choices: testify against friend (“defect” = D) or stay silent (“cooperate” = C) four possible outcomes: A : B : 1. D,C = 6 months / 10 years 2. C, C = 1 year / 1 year 3. D, D =
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