The constitution contains many clauses intended to

This preview shows page 83 - 85 out of 127 pages.

The constitution contains many clauses intended to preclude repetition of abuses such as those committed by Marcos. The president's spouse cannot be appointed to any government post (a reaction to Imelda Marcos's immoderate accumulation of titles and powers). The public must be informed if the president becomes seriously ill (a reaction to the belated discovery of numerous kidney-dialysis machines in Marcos's bedroom in Malacañang). The president is prohibited from owning any company that does business with the government. And the armed forces must be recruited proportionately from all provinces and cities as far as is practicable, in order to prevent a future president from repeating Marcos's ploy of padding the officer corps with people from his home province. Constitutional safeguards also prevent the president from ruling indefinitely under emergency powers. Martial law may be proclaimed, but only for sixty days. The president must notify Congress of the institution of martial law within forty-eight hours, and Congress can revoke martial law by a simple majority vote. The president may not abolish Congress. The Supreme Court may review and invalidate a presidential proclamation of martial law. Of course, Congress can grant the president emergency powers at any time.
Teaching Social studies in Primary Grades-Philippines History and Government In 1991 the president's cabinet consisted of the executive secretary (who controlled the flow of paper and visitors reaching the president), the press secretary, the cabinet secretary, and the national security adviser, and the secretaries of the following departments: agrarian reform; agriculture; budget and management; economic planning;education, culture, and sports; environment and natural resources; finance; foreign affairs; health;interior and local governments; justice; labor and employment; national defense;public works and highways; science and technology;social welfare and development; tourism; trade and industry;and transportation and communications. Cabinet members directed a vast bureaucracy--2.6 million Filipinos were on the government payroll in 1988. Legislature of the Philippines Legislature: The Philippines Congress is made up of 287-seat House of Representatives (lower chamber) and a 24-seat Senate (upper chamber).The Senate has a lot of power and has traditionally been dominated by the elite landowning families. Senators can serve two consecutive six-year terms They are chosen through a national rather than local vote and thus are expected to have a national vision and not be tied down by local interests. Elections for 12 Senators are held every three years. The House of Representatives is made up of Congressmen and women elected from districts. They can serve up to three three-year terms and also are often members of the landowning elite.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture