Results of the Maasai collaboration a Lenana was made a paramount chief of the

Results of the maasai collaboration a lenana was made

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Results of the Maasai collaboration. a) Lenana was made a paramount chief of the Maasai in 1901. b) The collaboration led to the separation of the Maasai related clans. The PurkoMaasai were divided into the Loita and NgongMaasai.
c) There was massive land alienation with the Maasai being moved to the Ngong and Laikipia reserves and later the southern reserve. d) Maasai freedom in conducting rituals was curtailed with their confinement to a five –square- mile reserve for initiation rites. e) The Maasai lost their independence. Just like any other part of kenya, Maasailand became part of the British protectorate. f) There was total disruption of their territorial integrity. Even their cattle economy was disrupted as the number of livestock was reduced. There was an attempt to cause them to abandon their nomadic habit. g) The Maasai gained material reward in form of cattle and grains looted from resisting communities like the Nandi and Luo of Ugenya. h) Their age old custom of livestock cross- breeding with their Samburuneighbours was disrupted with the curtailing of their migratory behaviour. Their stock was therefore weakened. i) Some Maasai were hired as mercenaries against the resisting communities such as the Nandi and Agikuyu. Consequently, some communities showed a mixed reaction like : The Akamba, some parts of Agikuyuand Luo . The Luos of Gem and Asembo collaborated while those of Sakwa, seme, Uyoma, Ugenya and Kisumu resisted. Africans who either resisted or collaborated were finally subdued by the British and they became under rule the colonial government. It was not until 1919 when some Africans participated in the First World War when Africans in Kenya were politically awakened ,this was seen through
formation of several political association by those who participated in the war. At first, these associations were concerned with basic human right but later their interest was independence. The associations included: i. Kikuyu Association ii. The East Africa Association iii. Kikuyu Central Association iv. Kavirondo Taxpayers and Welfare Association v. Ukamba members Association vi. Taita Hills Association These association had almost the same grievances but some varied according to their geographical location for instance, Ukambani Members Association were against the destocking policy. Most of them were ethnic based thus they did not succeed and consequently were suppressed by the colonial government. The above named political associations played a great role as they ushered the formation of Political parties from 1945. They included: i. Kenya African Study Union ii. Kenya African Union iii. The maumau rebellion iv. Kenya African national Union v. Kenya African Democratic Union Women also played a great role in fighting for independence for instance, they participated in Mau Mau Rebellion, some were leaders CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES LEADING TO INDEPENDENCE African representation to the Legco In 1944, EliudMathu; an African was appointed to the LegCo to represent

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