Ask children if their mother said to go straight to

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Ask children if their mother said to go straight to the party but along the way the saw a children hurt, would they help or go straight to the party. o First children said to go straight to the party (7 year olds) o Second children said to help the hurt child because they would feel guilty if they didn’t help (8-9 year olds) ° Morality shaped by environment, parents, situation, nature Concrete thought processes associated with intellectual issues impact morality Parents teach kids empathy, sympathy Secure attachment promotes appropriate guilt, empathy, sympathy Frontal lobes involved in morality o When there is damage, the level of morality is impaired Erikson: 8 stages Trust vs. mistrust (0-1) Autonomy vs. shame & doubt (1-3) Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6) Industry vs. inferiority (6-12) Identity vs. role confusion (12-20) o Who am i?
Intimacy vs. isolation (20-30) o Can I interact with other people (relationships)? Generativity vs. stagnation (30-65) o Am I making a difference in my life or am I stuck? Ego integrity vs. despair (65+) o Do I feel good about how I lived my life? Or am I despairing about things? ° Changing Goals and Roles The socio-emotionally selectivity theory states that younger adults are oriented toward future-pertinent (useful) information while older adults focus on (positive) emotional satisfaction in the present, perhaps because of shortened futures Marriage shows higher rates of survival of men and women ° Social & emotional development: the importance of attachment Attachment: strong emotional bond with others that continues over time Lorenz & geese: imprinting concept o Geese imprint on the biggest thing in their life Bowlby: infants have traits that elicit certain nurturing responses o Something about children make people want to take care of them Harlow’s research on monkeys o Video clip What role do mothers play in baby monkey’s lies Baby monkeys showed that they needed mothers for support to explore their surroundings and contact comfort was more important that food Harlow’s findings: Disputed view that attachment due to food
“contact comport” important to attachment Used cloth “mother” as secure base Harlow demonstrates attachment bond includes.. o Having a safe base when distressed o Having a secure base for exploration o Monkey’s in a strange situation without “mothers” were terrified ° Attachment & temperament important to early adulthood Different levels of attachment o Ainsworth’s research: “the strange situation” o 3 categories Securely attached: 60% Avoidant: 20% Anxious/ambivalent: 15% Also disorganized category-5% show no consistent responses o Video clip 14 month responds to an unfamiliar room, a stranger, if her mother leaves, when she comes back Baby stares at the stranger The stranger then tries to interact with the baby while mother leaves then the baby cries When she comes back she stops crying ° Deprivation of attachment Orphanages, abuse
Romanian orphanages o If institutionalized more than 8 months lasting emotional scars o

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