A daily b weekly c monthly 17 which of the following

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a. Daily b. Weekly c. Monthly 17) Which of the following is NOT a food group in the USDA Food Patterns? a. Protein b. Dairy c. Water 18) This term is used in the USDA Food Patterns to describe the Calories provided by foods with solid fats and/or added sugars that contain few healthful nutrients. a. Excessive b. Empty c. Extra 19) This term that defines serving sizes helps you compare different foods to determine how much of each you should eat. a. Cup calculator b. Ounce-equivalent c. Grams per container 20) In the Exchange System Eating Pattern, food portions are organized according to the amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and Calories in each food. a. False b. True Chapter Three 1) This is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be physiologically broken down a. Atom b. Molecule c. Compound 2) This is the smallest unit of life a. Molecule b. Cell c. Atom 3) This is the primary substance found in cell membranes
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Unit 1 Test on February 8, 2017 a. Albumin b. Phospholipid c. Triglyceride 4) Energy in the form of ATP is produced in this cell organelle a. Ribosome b. Nucleus c. Mitochondria 5) This organelle regulates food intake by responding to feelings of hunger or fullness a. Stomach b. Pancreas c. Hypothalamus 6) This is a physiological condition that causes you to feel hunger a. Low blood glucose levels b. High blood leptin levels c. Elevated blood insulin levels 7) Which of the following best describes the cephalic phase of digestion? a. The phase where chyme is digested in the small intestine b. Earliest point at which the brain signals the body that food is expected c. When chewed food is swallowed and enters the stomach 8) This hormone stimulates secretion of digestive juices by cells in the stomach a. Insulin b. Gastrin c. Leptin 9) How does hydrochloric acid in the stomach inactivate food proteins? a. It converts the organic portion of the molecule into an inorganic fraction b. It coats them with hydrogen atoms that attach at double bonds c. It destroys the bonds that give proteins their shape and function 10) The pH scale measures the acidity or alkalinity of a substance. If tomatoes have a pH of 4, are they acidic, neutral, or alkaline? a. Acidic b. Neutral c. Alkaline 11) This is an example of mechanical digestion a. The action of hydrochloric acid on protein strands b. Expelling digestive wastes from the body c. Mixing and churning that produces chyme in the stomach 12) This enzyme begins the digestion of proteins a. Amylase b. Pepsin c. Lipase 13) Cholecystokinin signals the release of this substance from the gall bladder a. Amylase b. Bile c. Bicarbonate 14) These fingerlike projections in the small intestine encounter and trap nutrients for eventual absorption into the body
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Unit 1 Test on February 8, 2017 a. Lacteals b. Villi c. Enterocytes 15) This is the largest portion of GI (Gastrointestinal) tract and is where most digestion and absorption takes place a. Small intestine b. Stomach c. Large intestine 16) Enterocytes in the small intestine break vitamins down prior to absorption a. True b. False 17) This organ receives the products of digestion and works to regulate blood levels of protein, fat, and carbohydrate a. Gall bladder b. Liver c. Pancreas 18) Found in the large intestine, these organisms comprise the GI floral a. Bacteria b. Parasites c. Mitochondria 19) This is the primary function of the large intestine a. Digest dietary fiber b.
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