Early political institutions p 27 key concepts main

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3. Early Political Institutions, p 27 Key Concepts & Main Ideas Notes Analysis From the very beginning, the colonies began taking steps toward self-rule. The development of colonial political systems contributed to the development of American identity and would later cause conflict with Great Britain. Representative Government in Virginia The Virginia Company encouraged settlement in Jamestown by guaranteeing colonists the same rights as residents of England In 1619, Virginia’s colonists organized the first representative assembly in America, the House of Burgesses Representative Government in New England The Pilgrims drew up and signed a document that pledged them to make decisions by the will of the majority, this document is known as the Mayflower Compact. Limits to Colonial Democracy Only male property owners could vote for representatives Those who were either female or landless had few rights; slaves and indentured servants had practically none at all Many colonial governors ruled with autocratic or unlimited powers, answering only to the king or other in England who provided the colonies’ financial support Compare and contrast the political development of Virginia to that of New England. Are they more similar or different? Compare: only male property owners could vote, females and landless people had few rights, slaves had no rights, governor ruled with unlimited power Contrast: Virginia Company guaranteed colonists in Virginia the same rights as residents of England, Virginia organized the House of Burgesses, Pilgrims had the Mayflower Compact in New England 4. The Chesapeake Colonies , pp 27-29 Key Concepts & Main Ideas Notes Analysis Along with other factors, environmental and geographical variations, including climate and natural resources, contributed to regional differences in what would become the British colonies. The British– American system of slavery developed out of the economic, demographic, and geographic characteristics of the British- controlled regions of the New World. Religious issues in Maryland… The king expected proprietors to carry out his wishes faithfully, thus giving him control over a colony The first Lord Baltimore died before he could achieve great wealth in his colony while also providing a haven for his fellow Catholics; the Maryland proprietorship passed to his son, Cecil Calvert, who set about implementing his father’s plan Act of Toleration… To avoid persecution in England, several wealthy English Catholics emigrated to Maryland and established large colonial plantations; they were quickly outnumbered by Protestant farmers Protestants held a majority in Maryland’s assembly IN 1649, Calvert persuaded the assembly to adopt the Act of Toleration, the first colonial statute granting religious freedom to all Christians The statute also called for the death of anyone who denied the divinity of Jesus Protestant Revolt…

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