[Google Scholar]57. For instance, N. Higham, ‘The Context of Brunanburh’, in Names, Places and People, ed. A. R. Rumble and A. D. Mills(Stamford, 1997), pp. 144–56, esp. p. 152; P. Cavill, ‘The Place-Name Debate’, in The Battle of Brunanburh: A Casebook,ed. Livingston, pp. 337–9; but it was taken seriously by most earlier scholars, among them Turner, Palgrave,Lappenburg, J. Stevenson, Skene, Green, Ramsay; and by C. H. Pearson, Historical Maps of England, rev. edn (London,1883), a pioneering study in historical geography including a map, pp. 24–5, on which Stenton based his end map.v
Pearson (pp. 38–9) felt that the sources ‘point to a battle on the southern con²nes of the Humber… not far from York’,and perhaps, if John of Worcester’s account can be trusted, ‘in the region of Conisbrough’. Peter Sawyer agrees, inAnglo-Saxon Lincolnshire(Lincoln, 1998), p. 121.[Google Scholar]58. A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of the East Riding of Yorkshire(EPNS, 1937), pp. 285–6.[Google Scholar]59. ‘Historia Regum’, pp. 93–94. This set of Northumbrian annals was also used by Roger of Wendover, p. 395; itschronology appears to be more reliable than that of Anglo-Saxon Chronicle MS D, which as Plummer noted in TwoSaxon Chronicles, ii (Oxford, 1899), p. lxxxi, incorporates doublets and disjoints the order of events: see in detail Anglo-Saxon Chronicle MS D, pp. xxvi–xxvii, xxxv–xxxix.[Google Scholar]60. Dodgson, ‘Background to Brunanburh’, p. 68.[Google Scholar]61. Professor Gelling in a letter to the author; but see the caveat above, fn. 43.[Google Scholar]62. Brinsley, Notts, is a case in point, a Bruna name but evidently named after the 1086 tenant: The Place-Names ofNottinghamshire, ed. J. Gover, A. Mawer and F. M. Stenton (Cambridge, 1940), p. 117.[Google Scholar]63. Dodgson, ‘Background to Brunanburh’, p. 314; Wirral and its Viking Heritage, p. 68.[Google Scholar]64. Dodgson, ‘Background to Brunanburh’, pp. 315–16; Wirral and its Viking Heritage, p. 69; cf. Dodgson, Place-Names ofCheshire, pp. 239–40.[Google Scholar]65. Sawyer S407.[Google Scholar]66. ‘Historia Regum’, pp. 93–94; Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: MS D, sub anno 943, pp. 43–4; Roger of Wendover, pp. 395–6.[Google Scholar]67. K. Cameron, The Place-Names of Derbyshire(Cambridge, 1959), 2, p. 240 (Dor), and p. 327 (Whitwell).[Google Scholar]68. P. Sawyer, Charters of Burton Abbey(Oxford, 1979), pp. xxxviii–xlvii.[Google Scholar]69. References to this route — the via regia (regalis), alta strataor magnum chiminium— from the twelfth century are in R.T. Timson, The Cartulary of Blyth(London, 1973), p. 551, with maps after p. lxxxviii and p. xcix; see, too, C. J. Holdsworth,Ru²ord Charters(Nottingham, 1981), 1, p. xxvi, with map p. xxxii; but the estates of Wulfsy Maur’s family (see map inSawyer, Charters of Burton Abbey, pp. xvi–xvii) show that the Roman road north from Derby was the key strategic routein the tenth century.[Google Scholar]70. Campbell, Æthelweard, p. 54; cf. Annals of Clonmacnoise, p. 154.[Google Scholar]71. On Tanshelf, see the excavation report which has now pinpointed a Northumbrian residence with church and chapel:Ian Roberts, Pontefract Castle: Archaeological Excavations, 1982–6(Leeds, 2002), pp. 9–10.[Google Scholar]72. ‘John of Wallingford’, p. 49.