Appropriation Bills—proposed laws to authorize spending—are requests from the executive branch d. Uses it to expand its powers to regulate spending: 1. Congress often requires that local officials follow federal regulations as a condition of receiving federal money. 2. Congress can also levy taxes to encourage or discourage use of a product. Ex: Heavy tax on cigarettes or tax breaks to farmers who use corn to make ethanol e. to regulate the economy. 1. Cutting individual income tax—may encourage more spending 5. Other Money Powers a. Congress can borrow money: 1. by selling bonds---Most common way b. Congress has the power to coin money & regulate its value c. Congress can make laws on bankruptcy 6. The Commerce Power (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) a. It authorizes Congress to regulate foreign trade & interstate trade b. The Supreme Court has expanded this power by ruling that commerce goes beyond just buying & selling goods and services 1. Broadcasting, banking & finance, air & water pollution, & civil rights come under Commerce 2. Interstate commerce—Congress can regulate working conditions c. Gibbons v Ogden (1824) d. Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964) 7. Foreign Policy Powers a. to approve treaties b. to declare war c. to create and maintain an army and navy d. to make rules governing land and naval forces e. to regulate foreign commerce (trade) ***Congress shares foreign policy & national defense responsibilities with the president*** Ex: War Powers Act (1973)
8. Providing for the Nation’s Growth a. Congress has power over naturalization---the process by which immigrants become citizens b. Congress is authorized to admit states & pass laws to govern territories, military bases, national parks, & historic sites. 9. Other Legislative Powers a. Granting of copyrights—the exclusive right to publish & sell a literacy, musical, artistic work b. Granting of patents---the exclusive right of an inventor to manufacture, use, & sell his/her invention. Describe Congress' non-legislative powers. 1. The House chooses a president from 3 candidates with the most electoral votes if no candidate for president has a majority of the electoral votes. The senate chooses the vice president. 2. Both houses of Congress must confirm the appointment when a president appoints a replacement for a vacancy in the office of vice president. 3. The House has the power of impeachment—a formal accusation of misconduct in office c. 2/3rds vote of the Senate is required for conviction & removal 4. The Senate has the power to approve presidential appointments to federal office 5. The Senate has the power to ratify treaties between the United States & other nations 6. Amendments to the Constitution may be proposed by 2/3rds vote of both houses Section 2: Investigations and Oversight Key Terms Subpoena : Document requiring a person to come to court. If they refuse to go, put in prison until agree to go. Perjury : Lying under oath Contempt : Government can hold you if you refuse to subpoena Immunity : Freedom of prosecution for witnesses whose testimonies tie them to illegal actions
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- Fall '18
- Mrs. Hamm
- United States Congress