Environmental variability (both natural and anthropogenic) inevitably affects fishpopulations and other living marine resources, adding to the suite of impacts andchanges with which they have to contend.E.Maintenance of Environmental Quality and Pollution Contingency Planning:Focusing on the adoption of a Harmonised Strategy, this will include thedevelopment of standardised regional environmental quality indicators (utilising theIW Indicator approach), measurement techniques and data analyses. It will furtherinclude agreements on the enforcement of water quality and discharge standards(including waste quality criteria for receiving waters), and cooperative mechanismsfor monitoring and surveillance. The three countries will cooperate in the adoptionof a Regional Approach to Pollution Control, Response and Contingency Planning,including sharing of technology, expertise and equipment. This will target specificpriority threats from the oil and gas industry, mining, and marine litter. Maintenanceof water quality standards alongside effective monitoring of pollutants is anessential requirement to protect and restore living marine resources within theLME.F.Biodiversity Conservation and Management:Including a Cooperative RegionalAssessment of Vulnerable Species and Habitats and a Regional Marine BiodiversityConservation and Management Plan. These will include the development of adatabase and identification of appropriate actions to reverse harmful trends in theloss of habitats and reductions in species numbers, and the identification of priorityMPAs (especially any appropriate transboundary MPAs) along with a ‘roadmap’ fordesignation and management of these MPAs, a regional policy for the managementof ballast water at ports and in the EEZs of the three countries. This MarineBiodiversity Plan will be closely coordinated with the SADC ‘Southern AfricanBiodiversity Support Programme’ (SABSP). Such a plan, coupled with designatedmanagement and conservation areas, will provide essential protection to importantnursery areas, feeding and breeding grounds, and other strategic habitats necessaryfor the conservation and sustainability of living marine resources. It will alsoprovide important ‘no-take’ zones which will reduce pressure on fish stocks atcritical stages in their life-cycles.43
G.Socio-economics and Development Strategies:Including a Cooperative Socio-economic and Developmental Analysis for LMR Utilisation. This would involve aneconomic analysis of various living resource harvesting approaches and methodsbalanced against the overall sustainable value of the ecosystem at both the regionaland global level. An assessment of currently non-exploited but potentiallyharvestable species would be included in order to gather appropriate baselineinformation and to assess the potential impacts of future exploitation upon theecosystem. This would place the LME into its appropriate context from the point of
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- Spring '19