Plan made possible of systematic killings by grupo

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Plan made possible of systematic killings by Grupo Colina State Obligations for crimes against humanity under international law o No pardon, statute of limitations, or amnesty o Nature of crimes basically crimes against everyone as Humanity o Makes Peruvian state responsible for international law Goes beyond Peru, now considered crime against humanity- Peruvian state has international obligations to investigate o Fujimori tried to give amnesty in 1995 to everyone involved in crimes Protest Against the Pardon o 12/22 saved PPK in Congressional hearings o 12/24 (Christmas Eve) PPK announced pardon Did it because it’s Christmas day, no one would make a fuss o Peru against pardon—marches, held up pictures of victims of death squad For justice and dignity, no more betrayals PPK\ Strong division among ones for and against Fujimori o Fujimori in custody since 2005, but white collar jail ( have more than enough space to roam around) Fujimoristas and the Pardon
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Fujimori was remembered as giving them what they needed Consider massacres collateral damage “saved from terrorism” Aurora that Fujimori shouldn’t be tried for massacres Fujimoristas don’t care about Fujimori’s kids Both kids exploiting reputation of father Fujimori is favored among all classes o 56% of Peruvians pro-pardon o In your opinion: should Alberto Fujimori ask for forgiveness from the public? 79% of people for asking for forgiveness o Fujimori never asked for forgiveness PPK’s Justifications o Humanitarian: This is about the health and life of an ex-president of Peru o “Excesses and serious errors” (not crimes against humanity) PPK trying to justify what Fujimori had done o Already served 12 years of 25-year sentence o Fujimori “contributed to the progress of nation” Restored Peru to international financial community o Pardon as a step to national reconciliation Peru civil war (1980-1992) Many Peruvians are divided, pardoning Fujimori may help break divide o Absence of mentioning victims of Fujimori in Pardoning speech Never participated in process because they were never called in Done in secret in the end A betrayal? o Who felt it as a betrayal? PPK promised people he would not grant a pardon to Alberto Fujimori
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Felt as betrayal of principles to save his own skin Victims and their families o Felt PPK betrayed his own principles for his own personal salvation o Youth who believed PPK was an honest man Betrayal of fundamental principles of international law: no government pardon for crimes against humanity o PPK’s Political Strategy (thought pardon Fujimori earlier than thought) Fujimoristas are in control of Congress What can PPK give them to let him govern?
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  • Spring '07
  • Wahlrab
  • Alberto Fujimori, President Alberto Fujimori

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