Selected Answer: c. Air trapping Correct Answer: b. Prolonged expirations
Question 17 1 out of 1 points A 25-year-old male presents with chronic bronchitis of 5 months’ duration. When obtaining the patient’s history, which of the following findings is most likely to cause this condition? Selected Answer: c. Cigarette smoke Correct Answer: c. Cigarette smoke Question 18 1 out of 1 points A 30-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident and sustains trauma to the lungs and chest wall. He experiences respiratory failure. Which of the following lab values would the nurse expect? Selected Answer: b. Elevated PaCO 2 Correct Answer: b. Elevated PaCO 2 Question 19 1 out of 1 points A nurse is preparing to teach the staff about asthma. Which information should the nurse include? Airway obstruction contributing to increased airflow resistance and hypoventilation in asthma is caused by: Selected Answer: c. Mucus secretion, bronchoconstriction, and airway edema Correct Answer: c. Mucus secretion, bronchoconstriction, and airway edema Question 20 0 out of 1 points
Which patient would the nurse assess for paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)? A patient with: Selected Answer: a. Pulmonary fibrosis Correct Answer: c. Left ventricular failure Question 21 1 out of 1 points A 2-week-old female presents with fever, cough, respiratory distress, and empyema. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? Selected Answer: c. Staphylococcal pneumonia Correct Answer: c. Staphylococcal pneumonia Question 22 1 out of 1 points A 6-month-old female presents with rhinorrhea, cough, poor feeding, lethargy, and fever. She is diagnosed with bronchiolitis. Which of the following will the nurse most likely observe on the culture report? Selected Answer: c. Respiratory syncytial virus Correct Answer: c. Respiratory syncytial virus Question 23 1 out of 1 points A 65-year-old male recently had a cerebrovascular accident that resulted in dysphagia. He now has aspiration of gastric contents. The nurse assesses the patient for which complication?
Selected Answer: a. Pneumonia Correct Answer: a. Pneumonia Question 24 0 out of 1 points A 53-year-old male with a 20-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. When the nurse is asked what causes this, what is the nurse’s best response? Changes in his lungs are caused by: Selected Answer: b.
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- Spring '15
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome, 42-year-old male, 80-year-old female