E in 1977 two b 747s collided while on the runway at

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(e) In 1977, two B-747s collided while on the runway at Tenerife, with a loss of 583 lives. A breakdown in normal communication procedures and misinterpretation of verbal messages were considered factors (ICAO Circular 153-AN/98). (f) In 1977, a DC-8 crashed after takeoff in Alaska. The influence of alcohol on pilot performance was cited as a factor. (g) In 1979, a DC-10 crashed into Mount Erebus in Antarctica. Information transfer and data entry errors played a role in the accident. (h) In 1982, a B-737 crashed after takeoff in icing conditions in Washington. Erroneous engine thrust readings (higher than actual), and the co-pilot's lack of assertiveness in communicating his concern and comments about aircraft performance during the takeoff run were among the factors cited. (i) The report of a 1983 A300 accident in Kuala Lumpur suggests that variations in panel layout amongst the aircraft in the fleet had adversely affected crew performance. (The aircraft was on a dry lease.) (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Aviation Safety & Security Management (j) In 1984, a DC-10 overran the runway at John F. Kennedy Airport in New York. Excessive reliance on automation was noted in the accident report. (k) Excessive reliance on automation was also listed as a factor in a loss of control incident in 1985, in which a B-747 lost 20,000 feet in less than two minutes and sustained structural damage. (l) In 1987 an MD-80 crashed on takeoff in Detroit. The pilots had not set the flaps, thus violating standard operating procedures. Also, the takeoff configuration warning did not sound, for undetermined reasons. (m) A British Midland Airways Boeing 737 on the western embankment of the M1 crashed on 8 January 1989. Supposedly, the captain shut down the wrong engine leading to an attempted emergency landing at East Midlands Airport. It resulted in 47 passengers losing their lives. Two key factors which contributed to the accident were the first officer identifying the wrong engine (possibly a perceptual 'set'), and this was compounded by the lessening of smoke in the cockpit to suggesting to the captain the malfunctioning engine had indeed been identified correctly by the first officer. (n) In July 2002, two America West Airlines pilots were arrested just before they were scheduled to fly because they had been drinking alcohol. The pilots have been fired from America West and the FAA revoked their pilot's licenses. As of 2005 they await trial in a Florida court. Case History (Ref: National Transportation Safety Board NTSB, USA Aircraft Accident Report No. & Date NTSB-AAR-79-7, June 7, 1979) About 1815 Pacific Standard Time on December 28, 1978, United Airlines, Inc., DC-8-61 aircraft, operating Flight 173 crashed into a wooded, populated area of suburban Portland, Oregon, during an approach to the Portland International Airport. The aircraft had been holding southeast of the airport at a low altitude for about one hour while the flight-crew coped with a landing gear malfunction and prepared the passengers for the possibility of a landing gear failure upon landing.
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