NEO PALLADIAN EARLY GEORGIAN INTERIORS Neo Palladian interiors were elaborately

Neo palladian early georgian interiors neo palladian

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NEO-PALLADIAN & EARLY GEORGIAN INTERIORS
-Neo-Palladian interiors were elaborately decorated with classical and Baroque elements.-French Rococo, Chinese, ad Gothic forms and motifs appeared on walls, ceilings, and chimneypieces, textiles, wallpapers, and furniture. Rococo ornamentation mixed freely with Chinese and Gothic ornamentation.-The most lavish spaces were state apartments, reception rooms, and salons, which reflected a formal life.-Staircases were important design elements. People considered stone colors to be most appropriate for halls and stronger colors appropriate for other rooms.-Compartmentalized ceilings -Chinoiserie motifs-Artificial lighting came primarily from fireplaces, rushlights, or candles. Lighting fixtures included candlesticks, candelabra on side tables. Candles were oftenplaced in front of mirrors to multiply the light.Interior: Chiswick House; Gallery William Kent-“Innate Serenity”-Coffered Ceiling, ceiling that moves up-Apse at end-Visual pausebetween ceiling and walls, clean walls-Blank walls emphasize pedimented windows & door surrounds-Quiet interest, oreo effect-Blank, stone floor (France used wood mostly)-Classical urn and sculpture -Masonry floors-Sense of quietness, stillness-William Kent begins to extend art from ceilings and walls todesign of the entire setting - 1st British designer to tackle interioras a whole-Sense you can be still and enjoy, innate serenity-Idea of movement, under lining order and safety from classicism-Following proportions, rhythmChiswick: Blue Velvet Room ceiling with the painted decoration attributed toWilliam Kent-Ceiling detail attributed to Kent-Goddess of architecture-Series of Italianate brackets-Become central feature, emphasis of painting-Classical ornamentation-Fabric walls vs wall paper-Broken pediment, breaks in center-Double doors-Clean stone floor, moment to pause
-PlasterLord Burlington’s art from his travels, arranged by himselfHoughton Hall, begun 1722-1731; Norfolk; by Colin Campbell or James Gibbs and William Kent“A Palladian Gem”-Stone Hall, Houghton Hall, begun 1722-1731-Broken Pediment Swag Overmantel Caryatid-Aedicula (temple stye)door surround-Mahogany doors-Pilaster-Black and white marble floors Furniture suite-Central medallion-Compartmented ceiling, broken up through moldings-Swag-Cupid in Elaborate frieze-Modillioned cornice-Pediment-Classical balustrade-Bracket-Mahogany doors & furnishings, moving away from oakThomas Chippendale-Stood for luxury, elegance, finest furnitureDiana & Minerva Cabinet-Created using marketry (piecing together slithers of woodcalled veneers)-Pillasters, frieze, cove in center, curves at sidesDiscovery & excavation of Pompeii in 1748 and Herculaneum in 1738Early Neoclassical: Louis XVI 1760-1790-Inherits troubled nation in 1774-Marries Marie Antoinette-Age of Enlightenment and Reason-Guilloteined in 1790French Revolution and Reign of Terror
-1792 government over thrown-King convicted as a traitor guillotined in 1793 Queen and numerous aristocrats are executed-

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