227 rome creates its first two provinces sicily and

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227 Rome creates its first two provinces: Sicily and Sardinia-Corsica.226 Treaty of Ebro River between Rome and Carthage establishing limits to Carthaginian territories in Spain.225-222 First conquest of Gallia Cisalpina (Gaul beyond the Alps).220-219 Second Illyrian War.218 The Claudian law limits commercial enterprises of Roman senators.218-212 Rome introduces the denariusas its standard monetary system.218-201 Second Punic War. Hannibal (the Carthaginian commander in chief) defeats Romans at Trebbia and on the Ticino (in Lombardy), at Lake Trasimeno (in Umbria), at Canne (in Puglia).212-211 Romans capture Syracuse (in Sicily) and Capua (near Naples).209-206 Scipio (future Africanus) takes Spain from Carthaginians207 Romans defeat Carthaginian general Hasdrubal at Metauro.203-202 Scipio brings the Second Punic War on African soil and defeats the Carthaginians at Zama (Naraggara) bringing an end to that war.200-197 Second War against Macedonia; and re-conquest of Cisalpine Gaul.197 Roman victory at Cynoscephalae against Macedonia (northern Greece).196 Romans free Greece from Macedonia.193-188 War against Antioch III of Syria. Romans defeat him at Magnesia (northeastern Greece) and restructure Syria.186 Roman Senate abolishes Dionysian cults in Italy.173 Expulsion of Greek philosophers from Rome.171-168 Third Macedonian War. Romans are victorious at Pynda, and partition Macedonia into four autonomous territories. Ruthless Roman repression of Epirus and Greece. The Greek historian Polybius is among the hostages; he lives in the home of the Scipio family where he writes his famous Histories.Italian Culture Notes 60
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154 Greek philosophers are again expelled from Rome.154-139 Anti-Roman rebellions in Spain.149 Tribunals established to fight extortion in Roman provinces.149-146 Third Punic War. Scipio Aemilianus destroys Carthage.149 Revolt in Macedonia.146 Creation of the Province of Macedonia. Romans destroy the Greek city of Corinth, and dissolve the Greek league.143-133 Revolt of Iberian Celts (northern Spain) crushed by Scipio Aemilianus.136-132 First slave rebellions against Romans in Sicily.133 Tiberius Graccus, as tribune, proposes a redistribution of "public lands" to help small farmers and the unemployed. He and 300 of his followers are assassinated by the Senate's reactionary forces.125 Fulvius Flaccus' proposes granting Roman citizenship to Rome's allies (especially the Italians) and the right to appeal against Roman magistrates. His proposals are rejected by the Senate. The Latin colony of Fregellae reacts to this decision by rebelling against Rome; and the Romans react by destroying the entire colony.125-118 Romans conquer Gallia Narbonense (Narbonese Gaul in southern France).123 Gaius Graccus (brother of Tiberius) is elected tribune by the plebeians. His legislation included having equites(young nobles who originally served as cavalry), instead of senators, try extortion felonies in the tribunals. In 121 Gaius, like his brother, is also assassinated by reactionary forces.

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