The city councilors and the pope attempted to protect the Jews to calm people down and focus on praying instead of rioting. Even though the plague was affecting the Jews as well, they made for an easy target. Many of the Jews even confessed to poisoning the waters, albeit while being tortured. Some Christians even went as far as to say that they had found bags full of poison near many of the springs. Between the confessions and the planted evidence, the protection that the pope and the city's counselors had almost no avail.Martin Luther, Freedom of a Christian 1.According to Luther, what is faith and where does it come from? By defining faith alone as essential to salvation, in what ways does Luther undermine basic Catholic teachings?According to Martin Luther, faith is "a living spring of water welling up to eternal life." He states it is impossible to write about faith or to understand what has been written about faith without experiencing the courage which faith gives man. Martin Luther says that to be saved andefficacious, faith alone is all you need. This completely undermines the Catholic Church, who states that you need to go to church, pay reparation, and atone for every single one of your sins tobe able to go to heaven.John Calvin, Articles Concerning Predestination, Necessity of Reforming the Church
1.Describe the doctrine of predestination according to Calvin. How were the elect andreprobate “chosen”?