Where taller denser new development adjoins older

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Where taller, denser, new development adjoins older development that is important to neighborhood character, even though the older URBAN FABRIC Fabric buildings, or background buildings, are the more numerous buildings of a city. Object or foreground buildings are buildings of unusual importance. Fabric buildings are buildings used for ordinary residences and commerce. In successful cities, fabric buildings form a physically cohesive texture that is indicative of an underlying social fabric. Object buildings are churches, mosques, government buildings, prominent residences, civic monuments, and similar structures. They tend to stand slightly or even dramatically apart from their context. —Matthew Frederick, 101 Things I Learned in Architecture School
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Jemal’s Historic Row, Washington DC Here upper building mass is pulled away from the street and older buildings. Materials, detailing, proportion, and color bring new construction into compatibility with older neighbors. ±¹ U R B A N D E S I G N G U I D E L I N E S P R I N C I P L E S U R BA N D E S I G N 2. buildings may eventually be redeveloped, new development should respect the older character with design that is compatible in the interim. Historic replication is no guarantee of compatible design. The Guidelines mandate no particular architectural style. Well-made buildings clearly of their time are strongly encouraged. Always design a thing by considering it in its next largest context—a chair in a room, a room in a house, a house in an environment, an environment in a city plan. —Eliel Saarinen Brooklyn Here new construction shares aspects of older urban fabric on the street: a base-middle-top parti; proportions and pattern in fenestration; materials and color; a vertical emphasis. Topmost floors are pulled back to maintain a cornice line at the street. DEVELOPMENT PATTERN A predominant building type, size of lots, siting of the building on the lot, lot coverage, and the typical relationship of the buildings to the street determine a development pattern. New development must be harmonious with the predominant development pattern of the district.
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King Street, Charleston Worth Avenue, Palm Beach Closely spaced buildings frame the space of the street and the view, for both pedestrians and drivers. The degree of a street’s sense of enclosure, and the shape of the frame of the view, are determined by the ratio of building height and distance between buildings across the street. Florida Photographic Collection Big trees have always been characteristic view-framing elements in Tallahassee. North Monroe Street in 1949. St. Francis St., ASN-B ASN-A ASN-B ASN-C + D UV The typical commercial strip is poorly framed. Space leaks between and over buildings. Few landmarks indicate passage from place to place.
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