b Give an example of naturalistic observation A psychologist studying people

B give an example of naturalistic observation a

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b) Give an example of naturalistic observation. A psychologist studying people eating at a restaurant c) What are the advantages of naturalistic observation? Helps to support external validity Allow the researcher to conduct research in situations which cannot be manipulated in a lab The researcher has a first-hand look. As a result it is possible to discover things that cannot be discovered in a lab. d) What are the disadvantages of naturalistic observation? When people notice that they are being watched, they may behave differently thus leading to wrong conclusions Demand characteristic is a problem
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 8 2. Prepare responses to the following instructions and questions about case studies: a) Define the case study method and give an example. A case study is an in-depth study of a specific situation. A psychologist observing children to with ADHD to determine how to help them manage their condition. b) What are the advantages of using a case study? Allows the researcher to investigate a topic in detail Provides insight for further research c) What are the disadvantages of using a case study? The results cannot be generalized to a wider population The study takes a lot of time Sometimes the research can be influenced by the researchers own subjective feelings 3. Prepare responses to the following instructions and questions about collecting data: a) Describe the survey method for collecting data and give an example. A survey refers to a method of collecting data from a particular group of people. The data can either be collected by use of interviews or structured questionnaires. An example of a survey is collecting information about unwanted pregnancies among adolescents by the use of questionnaires. b) What are the advantages of using a survey method for collecting data?
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 9 There is high representativeness It can be developed in less time when compared to other survey methods Can be remotely administered via email or telephone c) What are the disadvantages of using a survey method for collecting data? Respondents might at times provide inaccurate information It is not a good method of data collection especially for controversial issues Possible cooperation problems especially when the survey is being administered online.
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 10 Reference Bernstein, D. A., Pooley, J. A., Cohen, L., Goldthorpe, B., Provost, S., Cranney, J. & Roy, E. J. (2013). Psychology: an international discipline in context: Australian and New Zealand Edition.
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