S looking for jobs o Decolonization People argue that the war demonstrated that

S looking for jobs o decolonization people argue that

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oDecolonizationPeople argue that the war demonstrated that there is no validity to European claims about racial superiorityWeakens many colonies1950s and 60s sees many African and Asian nations gaining independenceIndia in 1947AfricaVietnam gains independence because of the weakening of the French EmpireoEmergence of the U.S. and Soviets as “superpowers”The “Major nations” (England, Germany, France, Italy) are all weakened by the end of World War II
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The U.S. has the largest Navy and Air Force in the world at the end of the warWhen Japanese surrenders at Tokyo bay in 1945, there are over 400 shipsThe Soviet Union has the largest land army by the end of the waroDivision and reshaping of EuropeReshaped into a Western, Pro-American sectionFrance, Western half of Germany, UKEastern part under the control of Soviet UnionRoots of WaroRise of totalitarianismGermany, Japan and ItalyAll resent the Treaty of VersaillesExpansion and ultra nationalismJapan- allied during WWI, wanted more territory, but didn’t get all they had been looking forRise of ultra nationalismExpansionoAlready has colonies in Korea and TaiwanoPrestige, security and economic benefitsNot many natural resources in JapanIron, coal, oilDuring the reign of the Meiji Emperor, Japan created its own colonial empire in East Asia. Manchuria in 1931oNorthern bit of ChinaWar with China, 1937oMillions of Chinese die from the war with Japan and other things (such as famine)oEurope in 1933Germany is divided in twoPolish territory (used to be Germany, in the East))German territory (Western Germany)Germany moves toward WaroRebuilding militaryDraft, air force, U-boatsoReoccupying RhinelandWant to unite GermanyTake over large part of Eastern Europe“Lebensraum” – living room or living spaceSpace for Germans to move intoEnslave people first, exterminate laterRhineland- area around the Rhine river
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oAxis AllianceGermany, Japan, ItalyThe “Axis” powers during World War IIoGerman expansion:Anschluss – making Austria a part of GermanyAustrians are German SpeakersHitler was AustrianSudetenland and CzechoslovakiaSudetenland – North CzechoslovakiaoHitler considers this part of Germany, they speak GermanCzechoslovakia seeks help from Britain and FranceoAppeasement at the Munich ConferenceAdolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy), Neville Chamberlain (England), Delaudier (France) negotiate a settlement over the Sudetenland settlementHitler ends up with the landLots of criticism of the leaders who gave up SudetenlandThe U.S., Britain, and French are all unprepared to go to war with GermanyRoosevelt faces public opposition to any interventionAmericans do not want to get involved in the second world war, they would rather deal with their own economic issueso
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