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3.What are the characteristics of those on parole?4.What are the duties of a parole officer?5.What types of devices can be used to monitor offenders in the community?6.Why do people fail parole?ANS:The majority of offenders do not successfully complete parole. It is particularly unsuccessful for chronic offenders. One of the main reasons why parole is not successful is because the prison system does not sufficiently address the psychological and economic problems that lead offenders to recidivism. Even with rehabilitation efforts, most offenders leaveprison as the same undereducated, unemployable, drug using person. They typically return to thesame neighborhood and issues that they came from upon leaving prison, which makes it difficult for behavior changes. Other offenders are released and do not have any home to go to, so they live on the streets or in homeless shelters and don’t have the training or skills to gain employment.REF:255-257OBJ:5
7.According to the research, what can be done to improve the effectiveness of parole?