New materials and processes are allowing architects

This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 14 pages.

New materials and processes are allowing architects to realise building surfaces with both increased functionality and radically new aesthetics. The advent of nanotechnology, computer controlled production, energy generating surfaces, renewables, honeycombs, foams, sandwiches, and ambient intelligence etc. is opening up a whole new world of possibilities. 3.1 STRUCTURAL SURFACES 3.1.1 VISIBILITY ‘As designers, we need to ask ourselves how structure might assist us to add aesthetic and functional value to our design work, thus enriching it.’ Andrew Charleson [9] Arguably architecture is at its purest, or most honest (or most beautiful?) when its structure is visible. In a world of ‘high-tech architecture’ (as pioneered by architects such as Norman Foster and Richard Rogers), where structural elements define the architecture both inside and outside, the typical superyacht keeps its internal structure secret. At 310m long, Norman Foster’s new Crossrail development at Canary Wharf (Figure 5) demonstrates how a visible structure can work aesthetically on the water. Figure 5: Canary Wharf Crossrail (expected 2018) by Foster Associates [10] 3.1.2 MANUFACTURE As discussed earlier, the superyacht covers all traces of its manufacture in filler and paint. Despite improvements in welding technologies, thermal warping of steel panels is inevitable and must be disguised. Before they were welded together, large vessels couldn’t (or didn’t need to?) hide their method of manufacture. Lines of rivets or timbers break up the hulls and superstructures of historic craft. Because we can see how these vessels have been built, we understand any undulations/imperfections in their surfaces, and see no need to cover them. Even when using amorphous materials such as concrete, architects such as Tadao Ando often leave casting marks visible on the surfaces of their buildings for aesthetic effect (see Figure 6). This is just one example of visible manufacturing marks in the world of architecture. Figure 6: 4x4 House (2003) by Tadao Ando [11] 3.1.3 MEMBRANES Perhaps one of the purest architectural surfaces is the membrane surface. Koch tells us that ‘Perhaps more so than any other type of construction, the architectural solution derives directly from the structural performance and the use of the material itself. Membrane roofs are a pure expression of the inseparability of architectural form and structural function.’ [12]
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Given the vast amount of experience within the industry of working with high-performance tensile fabrics (in sailmaking), and the relatively low cost and improved longevity of modern membrane materials, it seems surprising that these structural surfaces have not been employed in superyacht design before. Membrane structures, if designed with elegance, recall the romantic aesthetic of tents and parasols, of pavilions and resorts. Unfortunately the propensity for such surfaces to harness wind energy and gather rainwater means that they must be engineered with the utmost care.
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes