Using the alias Wassi, Mir oversaw the assault onthe Taj hotel, the prime target, where 32 peopledied. The phone handlers in Pakistan made the at-tack interactive, relaying reports about televisioncoverage to the gunmen and even searching the In-ternet for the name of a banker they had takenhostage. After killing 10 people at the historic Leo-pold Cafe, a second assault team joined the twogunmen at the Taj. At the nearby Oberoi Hotel, two attackers hunt-ed Americans and Britons, demanding passports at4. Fedayeen—Arabic for guerrilla fighters and means “one who sacrifices himself.”EBSCOhost - printed on 11/2/2020 6:08 PM via COLUMBIA SOUTHERN EDUCATION GROUP. All use subject to
Case Studies and Lessons Learned273gunpoint, according to U.S. investigators. The gun-men killed 33 people at the Oberoi, and then tookrefuge in Room 1856. Their handlers instructedthem to divide ammunition magazines and keeptheir weapons on burst mode to conserve bullets.After one gunman was killed, Mir encouraged theother to go out in a blaze of glory. “For your mission to end successfully, you mustbe killed,” Mir said in one of the intercepted calls.“God is waiting for you in heaven. . . . Fight brave-Figure 10.12. Mumbai Targets.EBSCOhost - printed on 11/2/2020 6:08 PM via COLUMBIA SOUTHERN EDUCATION GROUP. All use subject to
274Tactical Counterterrorismly, and put your phone in your pocket, but leave iton. We like to know what’s going on.” Another team rampaged through Mumbai’s cen-tral train station, killing 58 and wounding 104. Theirtactics reflected Lashkar’s expert training. Theyavoided running, which is tiring and churns upemotions. They stayed within arm’s length in a“buddy pair” combat formation, a Lashkar signa-Figure 10.13. The arrows indicate the axis of advance of the terrorists to their targets.1.Two (2) terrorists attack the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Station) Rail Station.2.Four (4) terrorists attack the Leopold Caf / Taj Mahal Hotel.3.Two (2) terrorists attack the Oberoi Trident Hotel.4.Two (2) terrorists attack the Narimann (Chabad)?House.EBSCOhost - printed on 11/2/2020 6:08 PM via COLUMBIA SOUTHERN EDUCATION GROUP. All use subject to
Case Studies and Lessons Learned275ture technique that enabled them to support oneanother psychologically, sustain fire, and exchangeammunition. Unlike the others, however, the duo at the trainstation failed to call the command post. Instead ofbarricading themselves with hostages as ordered,they left the station. It was a dramatic error that un-derscored the crucial role of the handlers’ round-the-clock phone instructions, their ingenious meth-od of compensating for the limitations of their fight-ers. In the running gunfights that followed, the chiefof Mumbai’s anti-terrorist unit was killed along withan attacker. The other gunman, a diminutive 21-year-old with a fourth-grade education, was cap-tured. The confession of the lone surviving attackerproved vital to the investigation.