Using the alias Wassi Mir oversaw the assault on the Taj hotel the prime target

Using the alias wassi mir oversaw the assault on the

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Using the alias Wassi, Mir oversaw the assault on the Taj hotel, the prime target, where 32 people died. The phone handlers in Pakistan made the at- tack interactive, relaying reports about television coverage to the gunmen and even searching the In- ternet for the name of a banker they had taken hostage. After killing 10 people at the historic Leo- pold Cafe, a second assault team joined the two gunmen at the Taj. At the nearby Oberoi Hotel, two attackers hunt- ed Americans and Britons, demanding passports at 4. Fedayeen —Arabic for guerrilla fighters and means “one who sacrifices himself.” EBSCOhost - printed on 11/2/2020 6:08 PM via COLUMBIA SOUTHERN EDUCATION GROUP. All use subject to
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Case Studies and Lessons Learned 273 gunpoint, according to U.S. investigators. The gun- men killed 33 people at the Oberoi, and then took refuge in Room 1856. Their handlers instructed them to divide ammunition magazines and keep their weapons on burst mode to conserve bullets. After one gunman was killed, Mir encouraged the other to go out in a blaze of glory. “For your mission to end successfully, you must be killed,” Mir said in one of the intercepted calls. “God is waiting for you in heaven. . . . Fight brave- Figure 10.12. Mumbai Targets. EBSCOhost - printed on 11/2/2020 6:08 PM via COLUMBIA SOUTHERN EDUCATION GROUP. All use subject to
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274 Tactical Counterterrorism ly, and put your phone in your pocket, but leave it on. We like to know what’s going on.” Another team rampaged through Mumbai’s cen- tral train station, killing 58 and wounding 104. Their tactics reflected Lashkar’s expert training. They avoided running, which is tiring and churns up emotions. They stayed within arm’s length in a “buddy pair” combat formation, a Lashkar signa- Figure 10.13. The arrows indicate the axis of advance of the terrorists to their targets. 1.Two (2) terrorists attack the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Station) Rail Station. 2.Four (4) terrorists attack the Leopold Caf / Taj Mahal Hotel. 3.Two (2) terrorists attack the Oberoi Trident Hotel. 4.Two (2) terrorists attack the Narimann (Chabad)?House. EBSCOhost - printed on 11/2/2020 6:08 PM via COLUMBIA SOUTHERN EDUCATION GROUP. All use subject to
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Case Studies and Lessons Learned 275 ture technique that enabled them to support one another psychologically, sustain fire, and exchange ammunition. Unlike the others, however, the duo at the train station failed to call the command post. Instead of barricading themselves with hostages as ordered, they left the station. It was a dramatic error that un- derscored the crucial role of the handlers’ round- the-clock phone instructions, their ingenious meth- od of compensating for the limitations of their fight- ers. In the running gunfights that followed, the chief of Mumbai’s anti-terrorist unit was killed along with an attacker. The other gunman, a diminutive 21- year-old with a fourth-grade education, was cap- tured. The confession of the lone surviving attacker proved vital to the investigation.
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