Norms are prescriptive ideas about how women and men

Info icon This preview shows pages 5–7. Sign up to view the full content.

Norms are prescriptive ideas about how women and men ought to behave o Stereotypes are descriptive beliefs about how women and men do behave o Sexism An individual’s prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given sex Institutional practices (even if not motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a give sex o Gender stereotypes Two conclusions are indisputable Strong gender stereotypes exist Members of the stereotyped group accept the stereotypes Gender stereotypes were much stronger than racial stereotypes (Jackman & Senter, 1981) Have persisted across time and culture Folks every where perceive women as more agreeable and men as more outgoing (Williams & others, 1999) Persistence and omnipresence of gender stereotypes Leads some evolutionary psychologists to believe they reflect innate, stable reality (Lueptow & others, 1995) o Sexism: Benevolent and hostile Judging from what people tell survey researchers Attitudes toward women have changed as rapidly as racial attitudes People don’t respond to women with gut-level negative emotions as they do to certain other groups (Eagly & others, 1991; Haddock & Zanna, 1994) Most people like women more than men Perceive women as more understanding, kind and helpful A favorable stereotype (Eagly, 1994) Women-are-wonderful effect Results in a favorable stereotype Gender attitudes often are ambivalent (Glick, Fiske & others, 1996) Frequently mix a benevolent sexism “women have a superior moral sensibility” with hostile sexism “once a man commits, she puts him on a tight leash”
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Stereotypes about men come in contrasting pairs Report ambivalent sexism toward men (Glick & others, 2004) With benevolent attitudes of men as powerful and hostile attitudes that characterized men as immoral People who endorse benevolent sexism toward women also tend to endorse benevolent sexism toward men These complementary ambivalent sexist views of men and women may serve to justify the status quo in gender relations (Jost & Kay, 2005) o Gender discrimination Experiments have not demonstrated any overall tendency to devalue women’s work (Eagly, 1994) One most comparison, judgments of someone’s work were unaffected by Whether the work was attributed to a female or a male Birth announcements Boys with pride status Girls with happiness relationships Preference for the gender of the baby Most prefer boys to girls - Persistence of prejudice over time o Does it reflect social desirability or prejudice? Explicit measures (e.g., self-reports) show a decline in prejudice in the last 50+ years It’s okay to show bias: Child Molesters, Terrorists, Members of KKK, etc.
Image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '16

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern