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a. They studied the relationship between the physical world and mental representation of that world. b. They acknowledged that the mind and soul were separate from the body c. They mapped the brain and identified the locations of specific functions within the brain. d. They extended Darwin's theory of evolution to behaviour and cognitive abilities. Answer: aPage Reference: 13 Skill: Factual Objective: Understand how various philosophical and scientific fields becamemajor influences on psychology. 54) Zoe is a participant in an experiment. She is told to watch a series of lights and to identify which one is the brightest. It is likely that Zoe is participating in a(n) _____________ experiment.
a. psychophysics b. materialismc. temperament d. psychoanalysis Answer: aPage Reference: 13 Skill: AppliedObjective: Know the key terminology of psychology's history. 55) Psychophysics is the study ofa. how the mind controls the body.b. the relationship between the physical world and the mental representationof that world. c. the relationship between natural selection and behaviour. d. the localization of brain function. Answer: bPage Reference: 13 Skill: FactualObjective: Know the key terminology of psychology's history. 56) Which of the following is TRUE regarding Darwin's theory of evolution? a. It applies to physical characteristics, but not to behaviour.b. It applies to behaviour, but not to physical characteristics.c. Behaviour is shaped by evolution in a similar way to physical traits. d. It was discredited along with Francis Galton's concept of eugenics. Answer: cPage Reference: 13-15 Skill: Factual Objective: Understand how various philosophical and scientific fields becamemajor influences on psychology. 57) How did Darwin suggest behaviour was influenced by natural selection? a. Our current behaviours are those that would have given our ancestors a better chance at survival. b. Behavioural traits are directly tied to physical traits, thus a change in a physical trait led to a change in behaviour.
c. Individuals who were more sensitive to small changes in their environmentwere more likely to survive. d. Personality traits like kindness and empathy were more likely to be passedon than aggression and stubbornness. Answer: aPage Reference: 13–15 Skill: Conceptual Objective: Understand how various philosophical and scientific fields becamemajor influences on psychology. 58) Suppose a small number of geese are born with a genetic mutation that makes them spend more time caring for their eggs. As a result, more chicks hatch from these eggs that then survive to reproduce themselves. According to the principle of natural selection, which of the following would be the likelyresult? a. Other genetic mutations would start occurring at a faster rate. b. The genetically inherited behaviour would become more common after many generations.