Big states did not like this 2 What were the key differences between the

Big states did not like this 2 what were the key

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have the same number of representative in congress. Big states did not like this. 2. What were the key differences between the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan? Two chambers vs one chamber. Legislative power: Derived from the people. Vs derived from the state 3. How were those differences resolved in the Great Compromise? Representation in the House of Representatives would be apportioned according to the population of each state. Bi cameral congress representation would be based on population (big states happy) and representation in the US senate would be equal (little states happy) Circle, note, or check the correct answer: Which of the following features of the Virginia Plan did not become part of the Constitution? Separation of powers Bicameralism Each state’s representation in the legislature be in proportion to its population None of the features of the Virginia Plan became part of the Constitution Section 3.4- The Final Product Answer the following questions: Page 8 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution 1. What ordains and establishes the Constitution for the United States? 2. What are the four elements that form the foundation of the American political tradition in the Preamble of U.S. Constitution? republicanism, federalism, separation of powers, and checks and balances 3. Identify and explain the four basic principles of the U.S. Constitution. Republicanism is is a form of government in which power resides in the people and is exercised by their elected representatives. Federalism is the division of power between a central government and regional governments. Separation of powers is the assignment of the lawmaking, law- enforcing, and law-interpreting functions of government to independent legislative, executive, and judicial branches, respectively. Checks and balances is a means of giving each branch of government some scrutiny of and control over the other branches 4. Which one of these basic principles most closely aligns with the Social Contract Theory’s idea that the people should have the power to set up their government? Republicanism Look carefully at the Figure 3.2. See how each branch has their main constitutional power in a green box for their column. The main powers are what that branch does most of the time without the other branches stopping them. Then see how each branch also has other extra powers in the white boxes for their column. The white boxes show ‘Checks & Balances’ which are extra powers over the other two branches. These extra powers are how each branch can stop, confirm, investigate or even change the other two branches’ actions. For more information on how these branches interact review the following link: Power, Checks and Balances in the Three Branches of Government . Use Figure 3.2 below (also with an alternate description) to answer these questions: 1. Explain how checks and balances work. Each branch of govt has some power over the other branches giving them the power of control if necessary 2. Is there any evidence to support the claim we have “separate institutions sharing powers” - i.e., three branches of government that share some of the same powers? Explain your answer.
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  • Spring '17
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