Question 18 A patient has GERD and is taking ranitidine (Zantac). She continues to have gastric discomfort and asks whether she can take an antacid .Which of the following is an appropriate response by the nurse? C) "Yes, but be sure to wait at least 2 hours to take the antacid after you take the ranitidine." Question 19 Mesalamine (Asacol) is prescribed for a 22-year-old woman with Crohn disease. The nurse will discuss with the patient the possibility for which of the following adverse effects related to the new drug therapy? A) Hair loss Question 20 A 60-year-old man has scheduled a follow-up appointment with his primary care provider stating that the omeprazole (Prilosec) which he was recently prescribed is ineffective. The patient states, “I take it as soon as I feel heartburn coming on, but it doesn't seem to help at all.” How should the nurse best respond to this patient's statement?
"Prilosec won't really decrease the sensation of heartburn, but it is still minimizing the damage to your throat and stomach that can be caused by the problem." Question 21 A nurse is assessing a female patient who is taking diphenoxylate HCl with atropine sulfate. Which of the following would lead the nurse to suspect that she is experiencing an allergic reaction? D) Urticaria Question 22 A nurse is providing patient education for a patient who has been prescribed diphenoxylate HCl with atropine sulfate. Which of the following instructions would be important for self-administration of this drug? C) Decrease the dosage when the number of stools decreases Question 23 Prior to administering a dose of 5-FU to a patient with pancreatic cancer, the nurse is conducting the necessary drug research. The nurse is aware that 5-FU is a cell cycle–specific chemotherapeutic agent. Which of the following statements best describes cell cycle–specific drugs? A) They follow a specific sequence of cytotoxic events in order to achieve cell death. B) They affect cancerous cells during a particular phase of cellular reproduction. Question 24 A nurse is aware that diphenoxylate HCl with atropine sulfate is an effective adjunct in the treatment of diarrhea. For which of the following patients could the administration of this drug be potentially harmful? A) An 80-year-old man who has diarrhea secondary to Clostridium difficile infection
Question 25 A 29-year-old woman has been prescribed alosetron (Lotronex) for irritable bowel syndrome. Before starting the drug therapy, the nurse will advise the patient about which of the following adverse effect(s)?
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- Fall '13
- Gastroenterology, Helicobacter pylori, Question Week