Pregnant women should get a test when they go to

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Pregnant women should get a test when they go to their first prenatal visit.
Bacterial VaginosisBacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal inflammation caused by theovergrowth of bacteria naturally found in the vagina, which upsets the naturalbalance.Women in their reproductive years are most likely to get bacterial vaginosis,but it can affect women of any age. The cause isn't completely understood, butcertain activities, such as unprotected sex or frequent douching, increase your risk.Bacterial vaginosis signs and symptoms may include:- Thin, gray, white or green vaginal discharge- Foul-smelling "fishy" vaginal odor- Vaginal itching- Burning during urination- Many women with bacterial vaginosis have no signs or symptoms.Bacterial vaginosis results from overgrowth of one of several bacterianaturally found in your vagina. Usually, "good" bacteria (lactobacilli) outnumber"bad" bacteria (anaerobes). But if there are too many anaerobic bacteria, they upsetthe natural balance of microorganisms in your vagina and cause bacterialvaginosis.Risk factors for bacterial vaginosis include:- Having multiple sex partners or a new sex partner.- Douching.- Natural lack of lactobacilli bacteria.To help prevent bacterial vaginosis:- Minimize vaginal irritation.- Don't douche.- Avoid a sexually transmitted infection.
ChancroidChancroid is a bacterial condition that causes open sores on or around thegenitals. It’s a type of sexually transmitted infection (STI), which means it’stransmitted through sexual contact.It’s rarely seen in the United States. Globally, incidence has declined, but itmay still be seen in some areas of Africa and the Caribbean.The bacterium Haemophiles dacrya cause this condition. It attacks tissue inthe genital area and produces an open sore that’s sometimes referred to as achancroid or ulcer.The ulcer may bleed or produce a contagious fluid that can spread bacteriaduring oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse. Chancroid may also spread from skin-to-skin contact with a contagious person.If you’re a heterosexual male, your risk for chancroid increases. Other riskfactors for chancroid include:- sex with commercial sex workers- drug or alcohol use disorder and anything associated with higher risksexual practices- multiple partnersThe symptoms may vary, but typically they begin 4 to 7 days after exposure.Men and others with a penis may notice a small, red bump on their genitalsthat may change to an open sore within a day or so.The ulcer may form on any area of the genitals, including the penis andscrotum. The ulcers are frequently painful.Here are symptoms and characteristics to help recognize chancroid:- Ulcers due to chancroid can have the following characteristics:- The ulcers can vary in size and are usually anywhere from 1 to 2 cm acrossTrusted Source. Some may be larger.- The ulcers have a soft center that’s gray to yellowish gray with defined, orsharp, edges.
- The ulcers may bleed easily if touched.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mendes
Tags
Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Chlamydia infection, Oral sex

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