These were among 108 temples built all around tibetan

This preview shows page 16 - 19 out of 72 pages.

These were among 108 temples built all around Tibetan area to subdue a hostile ogress identified with the Tibetan landMain image was “Jowo,” a form of Shakyamuni BuddhaTemples built to control hostile energy of the demon, placed in the center (heart) of the demon to control their influences°°Songsten Gampo’s SuccessorsSongtsen known for fixing the Tibetean alphabet & literary languageThis led to historical records and translation of Buddhist textsoNeeded for people to accept BuddhismoWritten language became a huge breakthrough in Tibet  provided a way to educate and learn During his reign, Buddhism restricted to the courtMost priests were probably Indian, Chinese, Central AsianSuccessors showed little interest in BuddhismTri Dusongtsen (676-704) and Tri Detsuktsen (704-754) founded temples°°Tri Songdetsen (740-c. 798)37thYarlung emperor, Tri Songdetsen, restored Buddhism to its former status Aristocratic followers of pre-Buddhist Bon probably opposed to BuddhismTibetans may have reacted against importation of foreign customs
Conquered Chinese capital (Chang’an) in 769Commerce and military conquest were of primary concern during the early empire, not religionStill, Buddhism made rapid progress during thanks to the patronage of Tri SongdetsenTibet being a Buddhist nation will exclude those who aren’t Buddhists°°Samye: First Tibetan MonasteryTri Songdetsen’s greatest contribution to Buddhism’s development was founding Samye (inconceivable/beyond imaginary) Monastery First institution for training Tibetan monksModeled on Odantapuri monastery in Bihar, IndiaoFavors Indian form of BuddhismoChinese were adversaries and did not want to promote his opponent’s influence Sanga – community of monks, custodians of the dharma(what makes a country Buddhist)Arranged symmetrically with 4 sides oriented to the 4 directions, circular floor plan, distinct orientationBased on the pattern of mandala (“sacred circle”) of the Supreme Buddha of the universeoCenter of mandala  Buddha (ultimate authority, supervisor)oCenter figure surrounded by secondary figures Samye inspired by Indian scholar Santarakshita & yogi-saint Padmasambhava°°Founders of Samye°Santarakshita (c. 8thcentury)Known as Bodhisattva AbbotTri Songdetsen invited in c. 767 to establish Buddhist monasterEmphasized “sutra” academic & monastic teachings (i.e. not tantra)Ordained first Tibetan monks
Was opposed by local “spirits” (srin) and followers of BonSuggested to Tri Songdetsen to invite Padmasambhava (aka Guru Rinpoche) to subdue demonic interference°°Padmasambhava (c. 8thcentury)Renowned yogi-saint from Swat valley in modern PakistanSkilled in magic and mysticismEmphasized mystical-ritual forms of Buddhism (as opposed to academic-monastic)Performed the Vajrakila dance to subdue the inhospitable local spirits

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture