They must allow us to consciously develop our human

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They must allow us to consciously develop our human potential. Veristic surrealist recognize the difficulties that their movement has faced during the second half of the twentieth century as it attempted to become a major cultural force The United States wholeheartedly embraced abstraction and modernism. They shared the belief of abstract artist that the chaos of action painting and automatism were expression of freedom and that form, subjugation and inhibition walked hand in hand The American art establishment looked at the image of form with mistrust until the advent of Pop Art. The Surrealism had to fight against: Pop-Art Photorealism Veristic Surrealism is the only historical artistic expression still in want of recognition as a cultural force in the twentieth century Characteristics: It was highly influenced by the psychoanalysis: Images are as confusing and startling as those of dreams Can have a realistic, though irrational style, precisely describing dreamlike fantasies. They were influenced by: Symbolism Metaphysical Painting of Giorgio de Chirico Dadaism Some of them have a more abstract style. In this case they invented spontaneous techniques, modelled upon the psychotherapeutic procedure of free association as a means to eliminate conscious control in order to express the working of the unconscious mind, such as exquisite corpse. Exquisite Corpse: There were aleatoric techniques for producing visual or literally art This activity was frequently considered as a game. It is based upon an old parlour game in which players take turns writing on a sheet of paper folded it to conceal part of the writing and them pass it to the next player for another contribution. This technique was used by artists to produce drawings and collages. The first efforts are reminiscent of children’s books that allow the making of pictures with multiple ages divided at various levels, involved assigning a section of a body to each player A majority resulted in images that only vaguely resembled the human form. Some participants in early exquisite corpses were Tanguy, Miro and Man Ray. Later adaptations have involved using other means of passing the work around, using different media. Page | 27
Techniques: Surrealism drew elements from Cubism and Expressionism, and used some of the same techniques from the Dada movement. Nonetheless there were certain techniques and devices that were characteristic to Surrealist art. Some devices including levitation, changing an object’s scale, transparency, and repetition are used to create a “typical” surrealist look. A very common Surrealist technique is the juxtaposition of objects that would typically not be together in a certain situation or together at all. This has been described as “beautiful as the encounter of an umbrella and a sewing-machine on a dissecting table”. Juxtaposition can be used to show a metaphor or to convey a certain message.

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