Countries to have no options and people use violent

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countries to have no options and people use violent means to express themselves wealth International Factors direction intervention by foreign state build up rebel group with arms, money, training, etc. proxy war conflict in which two opposing states “fight” by supporting opposite sides in a war, such as the government and rebels in a third state for example, Cold War and US/Soviet Union take different sides they did not directly fight but pumped money and resources into civil wars, made the civil wars last a long time because the US and Soviet Union did not feel pain and suffering of other state Civil War as Bargaining Failure lack of info (capabilities, resolve) indivisible goods commitment problems (if cannot credibly commit, then can cause problems i.e. tell a group to get rid of weapons, it would make them weaker) No leader can
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control the whole group i.e. doesn’t know if everyone in group will lay down their arms, might splinter off into another group and perpetuate another war incentives for preventive war fighting sides have to live with each other after rebel leaders cannot control all members too many different rebel groups to deal with What can be done about civil war? undercut insurgents provide civilians with support and security COIN operations create confidence in government UN peacekeepers ultimately, difficult to fully prevent civil wars UN can keep disarmed rebel groups safe long-run: economic development + democracy Not all dissatisfied groups are going to further their interests through violence NEXT CLASS: Terrorism: premeditated threat or use of violence against noncombatant targets by individuals or subnational groups to obtain a political or social objective through intimidation of a larger audience most terrorism is not religiously motivated most terrorism occurs within national borders
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