B following year roosevelt directed the us attorney

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b. Following year, Roosevelt directed the U.S, attorney general to sue the Northern Securities Company for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act. Supreme Court ruled that it did violate the act and ordered the corporation dissolved. c. An encouraged Roosevelt administration launched a vigorous trust-busting campaign. d. The Roosevelt administration went after the bad trusts: the ones that sold inferior products, competed unfairly, or corrupted public officials. 2. Regulating the Railroads a. Railroads commonly granted rebates to their best customers- huge corporations paid significantly less to ship their products than small farmers or small businesses. b. 1903 Congress passed the Elkins Act- prohibited railroads from accepting rebates, ensured that all customers paid the same rates for shipping their products. c. Hepburn Act of 1906- strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), giving it the power to set maximum railroad rates. Gave ICC power to regulate other companies that were engaged in Interstate Commerce. 3. Protecting Consumers a. Some food producers, drug companies, and meat packers were selling dangerous products to an unknowing public. b. Food producers resorted to clever tricks to pass off tainted foods. c. Many drug companies were equally unconcerned for their customer’s welfare. Some solf medicines that simply did not work. Others marketed patent, or nonprescription, medicines containing dangerous narcotic drugs. Products such as Dr. James’ Soothing Syrup, intended to soothe baby's’ teething pain contained the drug heroin. Gowan’s Pneumonia Cure contained the pain killer opium. d. Novelist, Upton Sinclair exposed the wretched and unsanitary conditions at meatpacking plants in his 1906 novel, The Jungle. 1. Sinclair’s novel ignited a firestorm of criticism aimed at meatpackers. Roosevelt ordered Secretary of Agriculture James Wilson to investigate the conditions in the packing house. 2. Wilson’s final report of description of industries shocked the U.S. Congress into action. e. Meat Inspection Act- required federal inspection of meat shipped across state lines. f. Pure Food and Drug Act- forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of food and patent medicine containing harmful ingredients. Law also required food and medicine containers to carry accurate ingredient labels. c. Environmental Conservation- In the late 1800s people acted as if the United States had an unending supply of natural resources. Roosevelt, however, believed that each generation had a duty to protect and conserve natural resources for future generations. 1. Before Roosevelt’s presidency, the federal government had left the nation’s natural resources largely unregulated. But Roosevelt recognized that natural resources were limited, and he believed their use needed to be controlled. 2. In 1903 Roosevelt joined famed naturalist John Muir for a camping trip in Yosemite National Park in California. Muir had played a pivotal role in convincing the government to protect and preserve Yosemite.

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