advise strategic retreat § Hitler throws a tantrum § General Paulus (Commander 6 th Army) gives in to Hitler and they dig in § Goring commits Luftwaffe to resupplying 6 th Army § Goes as well as Goring’s other interventions § Luftwaffe supplied 100-140 tons of supplies, daily § 6 th Army requires minimum 750 tons per day German sniper: Stalingrad CC BY-SA 3.0
German 6 th Army: Destroyed ¡ Underprepared German soldiers freezing and starving to death ¡ Hitler promotes Paulus to Field Marshall (no German FM had ever been captured) ¡ Paulus takes the opportunity to immediately surrender ¡ Hitler banned all talk of Stalingrad, public and private ¡ Soviet losses: 1.1 million wounded/missing/dead ¡ German (Romania, Italy, Hungary) losses: 850,000 wounded/missing/dead ¡ 91,000 prisoners / incl. 23 generals ¡ (Perry, 88-89)
Turning Point ¡ The Defeat of 6 th Army was major turning point ¡ Shook German command ¡ Elated the Soviets ¡ Humiliating loss for Germany ¡ Worst military defeat in German history ¡ Undermined Hitler ¡ New era for German forces: Constant retreat ¡ (Mawdsley)
Last Push in USSR: Kursk ¡ Last major German initiative within USSR ¡ Kursk was the known target, and Soviets prepared ¡ 1,300,000 combat troops ¡ 503,993 anti-tank mines ¡ 439,348 anti-personnel mines ¡ 3,400 tanks (lots of T-34) ¡ 2,100 planes ¡ Including 1,000 tank-killer dive bombers ¡ No Blitzkrieg this time ¡ At the same time, Allies open 2 nd front by landing in Sicily (Hitler’s great fear) ¡ (Mawdsley, 178-180, Perry) - nubers) Location of Kursk PD-US
German Hopes Fade in the East ¡ Hitler raged against his generals ¡ Took increasing operational control of the military ¡ Myth that Hitler was “solely responsible) ¡ Had vast support within military ¡ Support eroded with the years ¡ Stalin, unlike Hitler, gave more control to his generals ¡ Now the Panzers were on the defensive and would never regain the lead ¡ Red Army troops were increasingly well trained, experienced, and willing to fight “Hitler Poses for Camera” CC BY-SA de
Film: Hitler v. Stalin
Works Cited ¡ Beevor, Antony. The Second World War . New York, NY: Back Bay /Little, Brown and Company, 2013. Print. ¡ Mawdsley, Evan. “World War II: A New History” Cambridge UP, New York. 2009. Print. ¡ Perry, Marvin. World War II in Europe: a concise history . Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2013. Print. ¡ Stahel, David. Operation Barbarossa and Germany’s Defeat in the East . Cambridge UK, Cambridge UP, 2011. Print.
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