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attacking Christian assumptions about faith and mercy•“coming clean”oAlliteration describing repentoForces the reader to slow down over the words; sets up the reader for the final two lines in which it is revealed that one can not gain forgiveness if the sins committed are still in one’s heart•Repetition of “there” creates a present, constant feeling•“stubborn remnant”, “There is still murder in your heart"- it will not go away•Italian sonnetoThere are certain features that make this poem a sonnet. There are 14 lines, following an abbaabbacdefderhyme scheme. As characteristic of Italian sonnets, the octave follows the standard rhyme scheme, and the sestet is open to a more flexible rhyme scheme. This is a fitting form to develop the message because of the structure of Italian sonnets: The octave presents a situation that the sestet comments on. In this poem, the octave presents the idea of being in church and trying to act holy, but the sestet insists that one can’t be holy if his or her sins remain in one’s heart.A villanelle is a fixed form consisting of nineteen lines of any length divided intosix stanzas: five tercets and a concluding quatrain. The first and third lines of the initial tercet rhyme and these rhymes are repeated in each subsequent tercet and in the last two lines of the quatrain. Line 1 appears in its entirety as lines 6, 12, and 18, while line 3 appears as lines 9, 15, and 19. Although a villanelle could risk monotony, a carefully composed one can create haunting echoes.“Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night”- Dylan ThomasSubject: (fighting) deathTheme: One should not accept death, but try to fight it.Tone: pleading, preachingDiscussion:•“Do not go gentle into that good night”o“good night” = symbol for death; ironic use of “good”oConnotations of “gentle” are soft, kind§Saying to not just accept death without a fight•“Old age should burn and rave at close of day”oPersonification of “old age”o“close of day”= metaphor for the end of life
oSaying that those nearing death should make each day count, not accept their fate and wait on death•“Rage, rage against the dying of the light”oPersonification of light; metaphor for death (darkness is coming)oRepetition of “rage” emphasizes that one should fight/feel angry towards death and act on that anger•Next four stanzas characterize different types of men and their thoughts/actions towards death•“Though wise men at their end know dark is right, Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night”o“dark”= symbol for deathoEven smart men who know that death is coming do not accept it•“Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay , Rage, rage against the dying of the light”oPersonification of “deeds”oConnotations of “green” = lifeoKind-hearted men who realize that their actions could have brought even more good to people/the world if they had more time fight against death/feel angry towards it•“Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight, And learn, too late, they