HIST 103—Islam

Moved into modern day iran armenia threat to the

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Moved into modern day Iran & Armenia Threat to the Abbasid Caliphate Tugrul Bey Captured Baghdad 1055 Took title of Sultan and left religious affairs to the Caliph Pressure on Egypt and the ailing Byzantine empire Byzantine challenge foolish—1071 took the Anatolia peninsula Byzantines turned west to Catholic Church (crusades coming) Turks: Unmitigated disaster or positive good? Barbarians and destroyer of culture? Benefits: Peace Support for Sunnis Revitalized Islamic law Economic prosperity Camel caravans Gold, slaves, rhinoceros horn, sandalwood, cotton, wheat, sugar, spices, olives, wine,  silk, porcelain, leather, textiles, etc. New banking system, systematized currency, letters of credit  Abbasid cities: Baghdad’s apex, one of the most advanced cities in the world Christians, Jews, Muslims: peaceful, coexistence in segregated areas Islamic Society
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Remarkably egalitarian for the time Except for women Polygamy practiced Women can’t seek divorce Cloistered in the home NO social contacts with unrelated men Covered entire body (older Arabic tradition) Wealth through trade No hereditary nobility Merchants respected Widespread slaves, but not racial *Muslims could not enslave other Muslims* Ancestors of the Ottoman Turks Crusades Alexus Comenus Urban II Four crusader colonies Kingdom of Jerusalem Edessa Antioch Tripoli
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