some everyday memories. They found that flashbulb memories were no more consistent over
time than everyday memories, even though they were perceived to be more accurate.
The HOPE VI Panel Study (
Popkin & Woodley, 2002
) was initiated to test a U.S. program
aimed at improving troubled public housing developments. Residents of five HOPE VI
developments were examined at the beginning of the study so researchers could later ascertain
whether their quality of life had improved. Means at the beginning of the study were compared
to known national data sources (e.g., the U.S. Census, the American Housing Survey) that had
summary statistics, including means and standard deviations.
Null and research hypotheses:
Using the research studies described in the
previous exercise, create null hypotheses and research hypotheses appropriate for the chosen
Taylor and Ste-Marie (2001)
studied eating disorders in 41 Canadian female
figure skaters. They compared the figure skaters’ data on the Eating Disorder Inventory to the
means of known populations, including women with eating disorders. On average, the figure
skaters were more similar to the population of women with eating disorders than to those
without eating disorders.
In an article titled “A Fair and Balanced Look at the News:What Affects Memory
for Controversial Arguments,”
found that people with a high level of previous
knowledge about a given controversial topic (e.g., abortion, military intervention) had better
average recall for arguments on both sides of that issue than did those with lower levels of