Water vapor Vapor Pressure Saturation Vapor Pressure relationship to

Water vapor vapor pressure saturation vapor pressure

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Water vapor
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Vapor Pressure, Saturation Vapor Pressure (relationship to temperature – why cold air can’t hold moisture), Dew point, Relative Humidity The Hydrological Cycle Fresh water in the hydrosphere. General distribution Global water balance (Precipitation = Evaporation +Transpiration) Evaporation &Transpiration Potential and Actual Transpiration (PET, AET) Relationship between PET and climate Water Balance Equation Precip = AET+surplus +Δstorage (link to climate) Lifting mechanisms and precipitation (Unit 12, 14 Lecture 5) Airmasses (mT, mP, mE, cT, cP, cA) Convergence Convection Orographic Windward, Leeward, Orographic Enhancement, Rainshadow Frontal Global Climates (Units 14-17, Lecture 5) Students should be able to interpret a climograph. A, B, C, D, and E climates, general properties, links to circulation patterns, moisture sources. Should be able to assign a broad climate class from a climograph or map. Climate Change (Unites 18-19, Lecture 6) Climate indicators (geological (glacier, varves), biological (pollen, tree rings, foraminifera, coral), isotopes) Forcing factors Solar, atmospheric (role of greenhouse gasses), orbital (Milankovich) Keeling curve and patterns Greenhouse gasses, orbits and ice ages Climate and feedbacks Human impacts (fossil fuels, deforestation) Future climates Role of General Circulation Models Earth Materials and Interior Geologic Principle and Earth’s Interior (Unit 27: Lecture 7) Geologic Principles (Original Horizontality, Superposition, Uniformitarianism) Seismic Waves (P waves, S waves, how they differ and what they tell us) Earth’s Interior (Major zones of the Earth’s interior) Asthenophere
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Lithosphere (what is it?) Moho Continental vs Oceanic crust (major differences in mineral types, density and thickness) Continental Shield/Craton Orogenic Belts. What is the origin of the major orogenic belts on Earth. Rocks and Minerals (Units 28-29) Basic rock types (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic) Crustal Abundance (top few most important elements in the crust) Minerals: Basic definition of a mineral Major igneous rock types and their properties Extrusive, Intrusive (fine grained, coarse grained) Felsic, Mafic (light, dark).
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