Increased intracranial pressure (ICP)Cognitive deficitsMeningeal infectionHematoma formationMeningeal infection21.When thought content and arousal level are intact but a patient cannot communicate, the patient has:Locked-in syndromeCerebral deathDysphagialocked in syndrome
Cerebellar motor syndrome22.A 75-year-old female suffers a stroke and now has difficulty writing and production of language. This condition is most likely caused by occlusion of the:Middle cerebral arteryAnterior communicating arteryCircle of WillisPosterior communicating arterymiddle cerebral artery23.A child is brought to the ER. Initial examination documents the following assessment findings: tissue ischemia, anemia, and an apparent decrease in normal growth rate. Which of the following poisons should the nurse determine to be the most likely cause?LeadEthyl alcoholMercuryCarbon monoxidelead24.As a portion of the assessment of the patient with meningitis, the health care provider flexes the patient's neck to the chest. The patient responds with flexion of the legs and thighs. The name for this response is:Kernig's signBrudzinski's signDecorticate posturingDecerebrate posturingBrudzinski's sign25.An aide asks what the most common type of cerebral palsy is. What is the nurse's best response?DystonicAtaxicMixedSpasticspastic26.A newborn child has a herniation of brain and meninges through a defect in the occipital area of the skull. What will the pediatrician call this condition?CraniosynostosisEncephaloceleMeningoceleMyelomeningoceleEncephalocele27.A compensatory alteration in the diameter of cerebral blood vessels in response to increased intracranial pressure is called:AutoregulationHerniationVasodilationAmyotrophyautoregulation
28.A 48-year-old female presents at the ER reporting an acute severe headache, nausea, photophobia, and nuchal rigidity. What does the nurse suspect causedthese signs and symptoms?Diffuse brain injuryEpidural hematomaClassic concussionSubarachnoid hemorrhageSubarachnoid hemorrhage1.A neurologist is teaching about brain injuries. Which information should the neurologist include? The most severe diffuse brain injury caused by rotationalacceleration is most likely to be located _____ the brainstem.a. More peripheral tob. In the central portion ofc. Throughoutd. Distal toa. More peripheral to2.A nurse is preparing to teach staff about the most common type of traumatic brain injury. Which type of traumatic brain injury should the nurse discuss?a. Penetrating traumab. Diffuse axonal injuryc. Focal brain injuryd. Concussiond. Concussion3.A 15-year-old male suffered diffuse brain injury after wrecking an all-terrain vehicle. He had momentary confusion and retrograde amnesia after 5 to 10 minutes. His injury could be categorized as:b. Grade II4.
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- Fall '17
- keisha lovence