10 right of victims to complain and obtain redress

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10. Right of victims to complain and obtain redress The Convention provides that victims of torture have the right to complain and to have their case investigated promptly and impartially (article 13), as well as to receive redress and adequate compensation (article 14). This also includes the right to rehabilitation that is as full as possible. 11. Inadmissible evidence According to article 15 of the Convention, any statements gathered as a result of torture must be deemed inadmissible in legal proceedings . This provision is extremely important because, by making such statements inadmissible in court proceedings, one of the primary aims of torture becomes redundant. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women Towards the end of the Second World War, the victorious allied powers took the first steps towards founding a world organisation for international co-operation and the preservation of peace and security. At the founding conference of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945 some of the participating women insisted that the principle of equal rights for men and women be enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. Since that time, women worldwide have drawn attention to the fact that “the fundamental rights of
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individuals, the dignity and value of human beings, equal rights of men and women as well as of nations big and small” are specified in the Preamble of the UN Charter. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly and entered into force two years later, faster than any previous human rights treaty. Also known as the “bill of rights for women,” the CEDAW defines what constitutes discrimination against women and outlines state parties’ obligations to end such discrimination by, for instance: Incorporating the principle of equality of men and women in their legal system; Taking all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in public and political life, education, employment, health care, and other areas of social and economic life; and Abolishing and modifying existing discriminatory laws and practices. Other important human rights concepts Inalienability of human rights Inalienable rights are universal non-transferable rights that arise from intrinsic human properties and are independent of the laws, beliefs, and customs of a society. Arrangements seeking to violate inalienable rights are thereby invalid, as those arrangements would improperly treat people as nonhuman. Civil and political rights Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples' physical and mental integrity , life , and safety ; protection from discrimination on grounds such as race , gender , sexual
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orientation , gender identity , national origin , color , age , political affiliation , ethnicity , religion , and disability ; and individual rights such as privacy and the freedoms of thought , speech , religion , press , assembly , and movement .
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