Try to follow routine as much as possible to allow child to be as successful as possible at night o Shame = choices are disastrous Make choice then feel shame = got in trouble Initiative vs. Guilt o 3-6 o Based on having child find direction & purpose o Develop conscience o Like to explore – we need to help them explore o Guilt = interests conflict with parent’s ideals Friend tells child to hit sibling, mother conflicts = trouble Industry vs. Inferiority o 6-12 o Carry out tasks to completion o Not need for continued prompting o Develop competency & cooperation o Like rules during this stage! o Inferiority Inadequacy if too much is expected of them o Industry = when they complete task say good job Identity vs. Role Confusion o 12-18 o Rapid physical changes o Body changing o Preoccupied with appearance due to many changes o Can develop sense of role confusion when struggling with emerging self Piaget Sensorimotor o birth – 2 o Babies learn cause & effect
o Jingle keys = fun sounds o Exploring a lot – all of sense to understand world around them o Curious o Develop object permanence Knowing object still exists even when they can’t see it Know developed when dropped at daycare & dad leaves room & cry & want dad to come back – know he still exists! Preoperational o 2-7 years o 2 phases o Super imaginative, increase in pretend play – little kitchens o Trying to mimic adults o Animism – assigning life like qualities to inanimate objects “Side walk came up and made me fall” o Egocentricism Not selfish, just inability to put themselves in someone else’s shoes Only see their POV Goat & owl & trees vs other side cat o Transductive reasoning If my mom is pregnant & has big belly – has baby in belly, so all ppl with big bellies have babies in belly o Child cannot give you a number on a pain scale for accurate pain!!! o Pre-Operational Conservation Video Fluids in containers – which has more? Bigger container Concrete operations o Concrete Operations – reversibility o Fluids in glass – more juice in which glass or same amount Just because skinny doesn’t mean not same amount Container shape doesn’t matter o 7-11yo o 1 different then 7, but 1 still 1 even if different glass o CAN do self-report scale, as long as you explain 0 = none and 10 = more ever pain o Give 30 objects not related, divide them into logical group, they will be able to divide into groups some how o No longer have egocentricism, can view from other persons POV inductive reasoning, narrow thinking o No hypotheticals !
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- Spring '17