Cardiac monitor that monitors heart rate respiratory

This preview shows page 64 - 67 out of 67 pages.

cardiac monitor (that monitors heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure) and a pulse oximeter (that measures oxygen concentration levels within the bloodstream), another staff member collects numerous tubes of blood for testing. In addition to a complete blood count (that measures the amount of certain types of cells, such as red and white blood cells, in the blood), a complete metabolic panel (that measures electrolytes and the function of the kidneys and liver) is completed. A blood glucose level of 28 mg/dl is noted (normal range is 45 to 150 mg/dl).
Case Study (Cont.)Staff members administer an immediate bolus dose of dextrose in an attempt to normalize the infant’s glucose level and prepare a continuous intravenous infusion of saline and glucose. While staff members work with the patient, the mother arrives in the emergency department and informs them the child had a seizure at home and an additional seizure when emergency medical service (EMS) arrived. She reports that the child has a history of mitochondrial disorder and has had seizures in the past, but changes in antiseizure medications had stopped them for the last month. (The effects of mitochondrial disease are quite varied because the distribution of defective mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] may vary from organ to organ in the body.)
Case Study Discussion QuestionsMitochondria within the cells are responsible for:A.Cellular respiration and energy production via metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acidsB.Detoxifying waste in the cells or foreign components that may enter the cellC.Storing carbohydrates and fats and metabolism via enzymatic biochemical reactionsD.Synthesizing steroidal hormones and removing toxic substances from the cell
Case Study Discussion Questions (Cont.)The process of catabolism involves three phases in which order?A.Digestion, glycolysis, and Krebs cycleB.Krebs cycle, osmosis, and mediated transportC.Oxidative phosphorylation, transfer reaction, and citric acid cycleD.Citric acid cycle, passive transport, and diffusion

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture