Circumstantial an example is this when for example a

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Circumstantial An example is this when for example a person who works for a certain brewing company says that one of their products is a very good bear of course presumably on the basis of some objective sound reasons. However, the fallacy is committed when one rebuts to the position by saying that the earlier person, could not be right because what he is saying is just by virtue of him being an employee of that brewing company. Important to note have is that focus is made on the circumstances of the person who says that a certain bear is good the person who happens by accident to belong to the brewing company. The beer is good or bad regardless of whether the person does or does not work for the relevant brewing company. To decide on whether or not the beer is actually good rests on a consideration of other factors such as taste, side effects and so on. However in this example, it is the circumstances of the person that are being considered to decide on whether his assertion is true or false. This is fallacious. You too (TU Quoque) In this fallacy, one tries to make his/her opponent appear to be arguing in bad faith. This proceeds by a citing of instances in the life or behavior of his opponent that seemingly contradict his (opponent's) conclusion. For example, a patient who argues that the doctor's advice that he (the patient) should stop drinking alcohol because alcohol is dangerous to his (the patient's) health is consisting and therefore apparently acting in bad faith (the doctor) because the doctor himself drinks commits this fallacy. This is because the fact that the doctor drinks does not change the accuracy and appropriateness of the advice of the doctor to the patient to quit drinking. So long as the doctor gives such advice on the basis of objective medical considerations, even if, the doctor himself is even an alcoholic, that does not render the doctors advice wrong unless it is shown that the doctors consideration are irrelevant, inconsistent or actually false. (f) Appeal to pity (Argumentum and miserecordiam) This fallacy is said to be committed when emotions of pity or mercy are invoked for purposes of achieving or ensuring assent. For example, when one reasons that a person should be exonerated from punishment for his/her wrongdoing because he is an orphan widow or widower or has gone through a certain traumatizing experience, not as mitigating facts but as sufficient grounds, then such reasoning is fallacious. The fact that one is an orphan for example does not make one not subject to punishment or blame for committing evils, just the same way being an orphan would not be excuse for committing evils.
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(g) Fallacy of accident The fallacy is said to have been committed when one reasons by applying a general rule to a particular instance which is uniquely circumstances rendering the general inapplicable. For example when one reasons that because the constitution grants freedom of movement and
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